Brussels
Belgium
50.80 ° N
4.35 ° E
328 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DOlk Temperate oceanic climate with mild summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DOlk (Temperate oceanic climate with mild summer with cool winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

In case of the oceanic type, winter is milder than that of the continental type and the temperature of the coldest month usually above 0 °C. The weather conditions are to a large extent influenced by the nearby ocean, which causes smaller temperature variation between the individual seasons. Typical is Western wind and so we often find this type of climate on Western coasts of continents, such as for example in Western Europe or Western coast of the U.S., in latitudes between 40 and 60 ° in America and 40 and 65 ° in Europe. These regions tend to be densely inhabited.

  • mild summer: warmest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

50 °F
42 / 57

30.9 in
135 days

83 %

4 h 20 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 32.032.036.039.046.050.054.054.050.043.036.034.0 42.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 37.037.043.047.056.060.064.063.059.050.041.038.0 50.0
Max Temperature (°F) 41.043.050.055.066.070.073.072.068.057.046.043.0 57.0
Range 9.011.014.016.020.020.019.018.018.014.010.09.0 15.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb 22.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul Jan, Feb 27.0°F
Max Temperature Jul Jan 32.0°F
Temperature range May, Jun Jan, Dec 41.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 46.0 36.0 40.33 10.0 54.0 50.0 52.67 4.0 50.0 36.0 43.00 14.0 34.0 32.0 32.67 2.0
Avg Temperature 56.0 43.0 48.67 13.0 64.0 60.0 62.33 4.0 59.0 41.0 50.00 18.0 38.0 37.0 37.33 1.0
Max Temperature 66.0 50.0 57.00 16.0 73.0 70.0 71.67 3.0 68.0 46.0 57.00 22.0 43.0 41.0 42.33 2.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 37.037.043.047.056.060.064.063.059.050.041.038.0 50.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan, Feb 27.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 56.0 43.0 48.67 13.0 64.0 60.0 62.33 4.0 59.0 41.0 50.00 18.0 38.0 37.0 37.33 1.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 88.086.080.078.077.078.080.082.084.088.090.090.0 50.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Nov, Dec May 13.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 80.0 77.0 78.33 3.0 82.0 78.0 80.00 4.0 90.0 84.0 87.33 6.0 90.0 86.0 88.00 4.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.92.32.12.12.22.23.13.02.72.82.82.7 2.6 30.9
Wetdays 121011121011111110121213 11 135
Wetdays ratio (%) 38.7
12,19
35.7
10,18
35.5
11,20
40.0
12,18
32.3
10,21
36.7
11,19
35.5
11,20
35.5
11,20
33.3
10,20
38.7
12,19
40.0
12,18
41.9
13,18
37.0
36.9863,63.0137


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jul Mar Autumn Spring 1.1in
Wetdays Dec Feb, May, Sep Autumn Spring, Summer 3
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.2 2.1 0.2 6.4 3.1 2.2 0.9 8.3 2.8 2.7 0.2 8.3 2.9 2.3 0.6 7.9
Wetdays 12 10 2 33 11 11 0 33 50 10 40 101 13 10 3 35

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.92.32.12.12.22.23.13.02.72.82.82.7 2.6 30.9


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jul Mar Autumn Spring 1.1in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.2 2.1 0.2 6.4 3.1 2.2 0.9 8.3 2.8 2.7 0.2 8.3 2.9 2.3 0.6 7.9


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 104 min
1 h 44 min
512 min
8 h 32 min
512,928
552 min
9 h 12 min
(31.1.)
552,888
482 min
8 h 2 min
(1.1.)
482,958
20.3 %
104,408
Feb 163 min
2 h 43 min
604 min
10 h 4 min
604,836
656 min
10 h 56 min
(29.2.)
656,784
555 min
9 h 15 min
(1.2.)
555,885
27.0 %
163,441
Mar 230 min
3 h 50 min
718 min
11 h 58 min
718,722
776 min
12 h 56 min
(31.3.)
776,664
660 min
11 h 0 min
(1.3.)
660,780
32.0 %
230,488
Apr 316 min
5 h 16 min
834 min
13 h 54 min
834,606
886 min
14 h 46 min
(30.4.)
886,554
780 min
12 h 60 min
(1.4.)
780,660
37.9 %
316,518
May 423 min
7 h 3 min
934 min
15 h 34 min
934,506
971 min
16 h 11 min
(31.5.)
971,469
890 min
14 h 50 min
(1.5.)
890,550
45.3 %
423,511
Jun 392 min
6 h 32 min
985 min
16 h 25 min
985,455
989 min
16 h 29 min
(20.6.)
989,451
973 min
16 h 13 min
(1.6.)
973,467
39.8 %
392,593
Jul 383 min
6 h 23 min
955 min
15 h 55 min
955,485
983 min
16 h 23 min
(1.7.)
983,457
918 min
15 h 18 min
(31.7.)
918,522
40.1 %
383,572
Aug 383 min
6 h 23 min
864 min
14 h 24 min
864,576
915 min
15 h 15 min
(1.8.)
915,525
811 min
13 h 31 min
(31.8.)
811,629
44.3 %
383,481
Sep 320 min
5 h 20 min
752 min
12 h 32 min
752,688
807 min
13 h 27 min
(1.9.)
807,633
697 min
11 h 37 min
(30.9.)
697,743
42.5 %
320,432
Oct 212 min
3 h 32 min
637 min
10 h 37 min
637,803
693 min
11 h 33 min
(1.10.)
693,747
582 min
9 h 42 min
(31.10.)
582,858
33.3 %
212,425
Nov 120 min
2 h 0 min
534 min
8 h 54 min
534,906
579 min
9 h 39 min
(1.11.)
579,861
496 min
8 h 16 min
(30.11.)
496,944
22.5 %
120,414
Dec 69 min
1 h 9 min
481 min
8 h 1 min
481,959
494 min
8 h 14 min
(1.12.)
494,946
476 min
7 h 56 min
(20.12.)
476,964
14.4 %
69,412
Year 281 min
4 h 41 min
734 min
12 h 14 min
734,706
989 min
16 h 29 min
(20. 6.)
989,451
476 min
7 h 56 min
(20. 12.)
476,964
38.3 %
281,453



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 423 230 323 39.0%
323,506
392 383 386 41.3%
386,548
320 120 217 33.9%
217,424
163 69 112 21.1%
112,419
Day length 971 660 829 989 811 934 807 496 641 656 476 531

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 512 min
8 h 32 min
512,928
552 min
9 h 12 min
(Array.1.)
552,888
482 min
8 h 2 min
(1.1.)
482,958
Feb 604 min
10 h 4 min
604,836
656 min
10 h 56 min
(Array.2.)
656,784
555 min
9 h 15 min
(1.2.)
555,885
Mar 718 min
11 h 58 min
718,722
776 min
12 h 56 min
(Array.3.)
776,664
660 min
11 h 0 min
(1.3.)
660,780
Apr 834 min
13 h 54 min
834,606
886 min
14 h 46 min
(Array.4.)
886,554
780 min
12 h 60 min
(1.4.)
780,660
May 934 min
15 h 34 min
934,506
971 min
16 h 11 min
(Array.5.)
971,469
890 min
14 h 50 min
(1.5.)
890,550
Jun 985 min
16 h 25 min
985,455
989 min
16 h 29 min
(Array.6.)
989,451
973 min
16 h 13 min
(1.6.)
973,467
Jul 955 min
15 h 55 min
955,485
983 min
16 h 23 min
(Array.7.)
983,457
918 min
15 h 18 min
(31.7.)
918,522
Aug 864 min
14 h 24 min
864,576
915 min
15 h 15 min
(Array.8.)
915,525
811 min
13 h 31 min
(31.8.)
811,629
Sep 752 min
12 h 32 min
752,688
807 min
13 h 27 min
(Array.9.)
807,633
697 min
11 h 37 min
(30.9.)
697,743
Oct 637 min
10 h 37 min
637,803
693 min
11 h 33 min
(Array.10.)
693,747
582 min
9 h 42 min
(31.10.)
582,858
Nov 534 min
8 h 54 min
534,906
579 min
9 h 39 min
(Array.11.)
579,861
496 min
8 h 16 min
(30.11.)
496,944
Dec 481 min
8 h 1 min
481,959
494 min
8 h 14 min
(Array.12.)
494,946
476 min
7 h 56 min
(20.12.)
476,964
Year 734 min
12 h 14 min
734,706
989 min
16 h 29 min
(21. 6.)
989,451
476 min
7 h 56 min
(21. 12.)
476,964



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 971 660 829 989 811 934 807 496 641 656 476 531

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