Valencia
Spain
39.48 ° N
0.47 ° W
203 ft
Subtropical thorn woodland
Csa Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
+
Csal Subtropical climate with dry summer with hot summer with mild winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Csa (Hot-summer Mediterranean climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • s – precipitation in the driest month during the summer half year is less than 30 mm and less than one third of the precipitation in the month with highest precipitation in the winter half year.
  • a - temperature of the warmest month is higher than 22 °C

Cs climate type is characterized by a dry summer and wet winter. In the case of the Csa subtype, the summer tends to be very warm. The average temperature of the warmest month is above 22 °C. The wettest month in the winter usually has three times as much precipitation than the driest month in the summer, which usually has less than 30 mm of rainfall. Summers are therefore quite dry, with relatively little cloudiness and often longer periods with no rain at all. Winters on the other hand are wet and very rarely it snows as well.

Temperatures in the summer reach very high values between 30 and 40 °C. In the winter it is very unusual for the temperatures to fall below freezing point.

The continental Mediterranean climate (Csa) is sometimes also referred to as hot Mediterranean climate. The higher temperatures are the result of the fact that the places are usually deeper inland. The Csa subtype is more common than the other Cs climates and usually represents what most people imagine under the term “Mediterranean climate”.

It can be found for example around the Mediterranean sea in Europe, in Southwest Australia, Southwestern part of South Africa, some parts in Central Asia and in Northern California. Other places also include some microregions such as the Spanish capital Madrid, Italian Rome, American Los Angeles or Perth in Australia.


Modern Trewartha classification: Csal (Subtropical climate with dry summer with hot summer with mild winter)

Subtropical in the Koppen and Trewartha classification is defined as a region, where at least eight months has an average temperature of more than 10 °C, but the coldest month has an average temperature of less than 18 °C. The individual subtypes then differ in their annual precipitation distribution. In Trewartha classification there is a condition of maximum annual precipitation of 900 mm.

In general the subtropical climate is usually found in areas polewards from the tropical zones. It can also be found inside tropical zones at places with higher altitude. Typical are for example citrus trees or palm trees.

The Cs subtype in the Trewartha classification represents a subtropical climate with dry summer, sometimes referred to as the Mediterranean climate. It is characterized by hot and dry summers and mild winters, during which most of the precipitation is observed. High pressure is the dominating factor in the summer, when precipitation is very small and if there is some, it is usually in the form of very short, but intense thunderstorms. In the winter it can sometimes snow, especially at higher altitudes, but in general the winters are mild.

This climate type is most common in western coasts of continents in the middle latitudes, for example it includes areas on the West coast of the U.S. such as California, Southern Europe or Southwest tip of Australia.

  • hot summer: warmest month with average temperature between 23 and 28 °C
  • mild winter: coldest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C

Summary

62 °F
54 / 71

18.9 in
64 days

59 %

6 h 56 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 43.043.046.050.055.063.068.068.064.055.050.045.0 54.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 50.052.055.058.064.071.076.077.073.065.056.051.0 62.0
Max Temperature (°F) 59.061.064.068.073.079.084.084.081.073.066.061.0 71.0
Range 16.018.018.018.018.016.016.016.017.018.016.016.0 17.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb 25.0°F
Avg Temperature Aug Jan 27.0°F
Max Temperature Jul, Aug Jan 25.0°F
Temperature range Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Oct Jan, Jun, Jul, Aug, Nov, Dec 41.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 55.0 46.0 50.33 9.0 68.0 63.0 66.33 5.0 64.0 50.0 56.33 14.0 45.0 43.0 43.67 2.0
Avg Temperature 64.0 55.0 59.00 9.0 77.0 71.0 74.67 6.0 73.0 56.0 64.67 17.0 52.0 50.0 51.00 2.0
Max Temperature 73.0 64.0 68.33 9.0 84.0 79.0 82.33 5.0 81.0 66.0 73.33 15.0 61.0 59.0 60.33 2.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 50.052.055.058.064.071.076.077.073.065.056.051.0 62.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Aug Jan 27.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 64.0 55.0 59.00 9.0 77.0 71.0 74.67 6.0 73.0 56.0 64.67 17.0 52.0 50.0 51.00 2.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 58.055.055.055.059.059.062.063.063.060.058.058.0 62.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Aug, Sep Feb, Mar, Apr 8.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 59.0 55.0 56.33 4.0 63.0 59.0 61.33 4.0 63.0 58.0 60.33 5.0 58.0 55.0 57.00 3.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.41.31.51.61.30.90.60.81.93.42.41.6 1.6 18.9
Wetdays 556775236765 5 64
Wetdays ratio (%) 16.1
5,26
17.9
5,23
19.4
6,25
23.3
7,23
22.6
7,24
16.7
5,25
6.5
2,29
9.7
3,28
20.0
6,24
22.6
7,24
20.0
6,24
16.1
5,26
17.5
17.5342,82.4658


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Oct Jul Autumn Summer 2.8in
Wetdays Apr, May, Oct Jul Autumn Summer 5
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.6 1.3 0.3 4.4 0.9 0.6 0.3 2.3 3.4 1.9 1.5 7.8 1.6 1.3 0.3 4.4
Wetdays 7 6 1 20 5 2 3 10 65 6 59 127 5 5 0 15

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.41.31.51.61.30.90.60.81.93.42.41.6 1.6 18.9


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Oct Jul Autumn Summer 2.8in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.6 1.3 0.3 4.4 0.9 0.6 0.3 2.3 3.4 1.9 1.5 7.8 1.6 1.3 0.3 4.4


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 298 min
4 h 58 min
585 min
9 h 45 min
585,855
610 min
10 h 10 min
(31.1.)
610,830
566 min
9 h 26 min
(1.1.)
566,874
51.0 %
298,287
Feb 341 min
5 h 41 min
644 min
10 h 44 min
644,796
679 min
11 h 19 min
(29.2.)
679,761
612 min
10 h 12 min
(1.2.)
612,828
52.9 %
341,303
Mar 356 min
5 h 56 min
720 min
12 h 0 min
720,720
759 min
12 h 39 min
(31.3.)
759,681
681 min
11 h 21 min
(1.3.)
681,759
49.4 %
356,364
Apr 436 min
7 h 16 min
798 min
13 h 18 min
798,642
832 min
13 h 52 min
(30.4.)
832,608
762 min
12 h 42 min
(1.4.)
762,678
54.7 %
436,362
May 499 min
8 h 19 min
862 min
14 h 22 min
862,578
886 min
14 h 46 min
(31.5.)
886,554
834 min
13 h 54 min
(1.5.)
834,606
57.9 %
499,363
Jun 540 min
9 h 0 min
894 min
14 h 54 min
894,546
897 min
14 h 57 min
(20.6.)
897,543
887 min
14 h 47 min
(1.6.)
887,553
60.4 %
540,354
Jul 600 min
10 h 0 min
876 min
14 h 36 min
876,564
893 min
14 h 53 min
(1.7.)
893,547
852 min
14 h 12 min
(31.7.)
852,588
68.5 %
600,276
Aug 547 min
9 h 7 min
817 min
13 h 37 min
817,623
850 min
14 h 10 min
(1.8.)
850,590
782 min
13 h 2 min
(31.8.)
782,658
66.9 %
547,270
Sep 448 min
7 h 28 min
743 min
12 h 23 min
743,697
780 min
12 h 60 min
(1.9.)
780,660
706 min
11 h 46 min
(30.9.)
706,734
60.3 %
448,295
Oct 356 min
5 h 56 min
666 min
11 h 6 min
666,774
703 min
11 h 43 min
(1.10.)
703,737
630 min
10 h 30 min
(31.10.)
630,810
53.5 %
356,310
Nov 298 min
4 h 58 min
599 min
9 h 59 min
599,841
627 min
10 h 27 min
(1.11.)
627,813
575 min
9 h 35 min
(30.11.)
575,865
49.8 %
298,301
Dec 276 min
4 h 36 min
565 min
9 h 25 min
565,875
573 min
9 h 33 min
(1.12.)
573,867
562 min
9 h 22 min
(20.12.)
562,878
48.8 %
276,289
Year 451 min
7 h 31 min
731 min
12 h 11 min
731,709
897 min
14 h 57 min
(20. 6.)
897,543
562 min
9 h 22 min
(20. 12.)
562,878
61.7 %
451,280



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 499 356 430 54.2%
430,363
600 540 562 65.2%
562,300
448 298 367 54.9%
367,302
341 276 305 51.1%
305,292
Day length 886 681 793 897 782 862 780 575 669 679 562 597

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 585 min
9 h 45 min
585,855
610 min
10 h 10 min
(Array.1.)
610,830
566 min
9 h 26 min
(1.1.)
566,874
Feb 644 min
10 h 44 min
644,796
679 min
11 h 19 min
(Array.2.)
679,761
612 min
10 h 12 min
(1.2.)
612,828
Mar 720 min
12 h 0 min
720,720
759 min
12 h 39 min
(Array.3.)
759,681
681 min
11 h 21 min
(1.3.)
681,759
Apr 798 min
13 h 18 min
798,642
832 min
13 h 52 min
(Array.4.)
832,608
762 min
12 h 42 min
(1.4.)
762,678
May 862 min
14 h 22 min
862,578
886 min
14 h 46 min
(Array.5.)
886,554
834 min
13 h 54 min
(1.5.)
834,606
Jun 894 min
14 h 54 min
894,546
897 min
14 h 57 min
(Array.6.)
897,543
887 min
14 h 47 min
(1.6.)
887,553
Jul 876 min
14 h 36 min
876,564
893 min
14 h 53 min
(Array.7.)
893,547
852 min
14 h 12 min
(31.7.)
852,588
Aug 817 min
13 h 37 min
817,623
850 min
14 h 10 min
(Array.8.)
850,590
782 min
13 h 2 min
(31.8.)
782,658
Sep 743 min
12 h 23 min
743,697
780 min
12 h 60 min
(Array.9.)
780,660
706 min
11 h 46 min
(30.9.)
706,734
Oct 666 min
11 h 6 min
666,774
703 min
11 h 43 min
(Array.10.)
703,737
630 min
10 h 30 min
(31.10.)
630,810
Nov 599 min
9 h 59 min
599,841
627 min
10 h 27 min
(Array.11.)
627,813
575 min
9 h 35 min
(30.11.)
575,865
Dec 565 min
9 h 25 min
565,875
573 min
9 h 33 min
(Array.12.)
573,867
562 min
9 h 22 min
(20.12.)
562,878
Year 731 min
12 h 11 min
731,709
897 min
14 h 57 min
(21. 6.)
897,543
562 min
9 h 22 min
(21. 12.)
562,878



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 886 681 793 897 782 862 780 575 669 679 562 597

Units






Units

Language