Nice
France
43.65 ° N
7.22 ° E
92 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Csa Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
+
Csbk Subtropical climate with dry summer with warm summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Csa (Hot-summer Mediterranean climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • s – precipitation in the driest month during the summer half year is less than 30 mm and less than one third of the precipitation in the month with highest precipitation in the winter half year.
  • a - temperature of the warmest month is higher than 22 °C

Cs climate type is characterized by a dry summer and wet winter. In the case of the Csa subtype, the summer tends to be very warm. The average temperature of the warmest month is above 22 °C. The wettest month in the winter usually has three times as much precipitation than the driest month in the summer, which usually has less than 30 mm of rainfall. Summers are therefore quite dry, with relatively little cloudiness and often longer periods with no rain at all. Winters on the other hand are wet and very rarely it snows as well.

Temperatures in the summer reach very high values between 30 and 40 °C. In the winter it is very unusual for the temperatures to fall below freezing point.

The continental Mediterranean climate (Csa) is sometimes also referred to as hot Mediterranean climate. The higher temperatures are the result of the fact that the places are usually deeper inland. The Csa subtype is more common than the other Cs climates and usually represents what most people imagine under the term “Mediterranean climate”.

It can be found for example around the Mediterranean sea in Europe, in Southwest Australia, Southwestern part of South Africa, some parts in Central Asia and in Northern California. Other places also include some microregions such as the Spanish capital Madrid, Italian Rome, American Los Angeles or Perth in Australia.


Modern Trewartha classification: Csbk (Subtropical climate with dry summer with warm summer with cool winter)

Subtropical in the Koppen and Trewartha classification is defined as a region, where at least eight months has an average temperature of more than 10 °C, but the coldest month has an average temperature of less than 18 °C. The individual subtypes then differ in their annual precipitation distribution. In Trewartha classification there is a condition of maximum annual precipitation of 900 mm.

In general the subtropical climate is usually found in areas polewards from the tropical zones. It can also be found inside tropical zones at places with higher altitude. Typical are for example citrus trees or palm trees.

The Cs subtype in the Trewartha classification represents a subtropical climate with dry summer, sometimes referred to as the Mediterranean climate. It is characterized by hot and dry summers and mild winters, during which most of the precipitation is observed. High pressure is the dominating factor in the summer, when precipitation is very small and if there is some, it is usually in the form of very short, but intense thunderstorms. In the winter it can sometimes snow, especially at higher altitudes, but in general the winters are mild.

This climate type is most common in western coasts of continents in the middle latitudes, for example it includes areas on the West coast of the U.S. such as California, Southern Europe or Southwest tip of Australia.

  • warm summer: warmest month with average temperature between 18 and 23 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

59 °F
52 / 67

30.3 in
86 days

76 %

7 h 35 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 39.041.045.048.055.061.064.064.061.054.046.041.0 52.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 47.048.052.055.062.068.073.073.069.062.055.048.0 59.0
Max Temperature (°F) 55.055.059.063.068.075.081.081.077.070.063.055.0 67.0
Range 16.014.014.015.013.014.017.017.016.016.017.014.0 15.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul, Aug Jan 25.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan 26.0°F
Max Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb, Dec 26.0°F
Temperature range Jul, Aug, Nov May 42.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 55.0 45.0 49.33 10.0 64.0 61.0 63.00 3.0 61.0 46.0 53.67 15.0 41.0 39.0 40.33 2.0
Avg Temperature 62.0 52.0 56.33 10.0 73.0 68.0 71.33 5.0 69.0 55.0 62.00 14.0 48.0 47.0 47.67 1.0
Max Temperature 68.0 59.0 63.33 9.0 81.0 75.0 79.00 6.0 77.0 63.0 70.00 14.0 55.0 55.0 55.00 0.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 47.048.052.055.062.068.073.073.069.062.055.048.0 59.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan 26.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 62.0 52.0 56.33 10.0 73.0 68.0 71.33 5.0 69.0 55.0 62.00 14.0 48.0 47.0 47.67 1.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 73.072.075.077.078.077.075.076.076.076.076.075.0 59.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity May Feb 6.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 78.0 75.0 76.67 3.0 77.0 75.0 76.00 2.0 76.0 76.0 76.00 0.0 75.0 72.0 73.33 3.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.33.02.82.41.91.50.61.22.14.34.13.1 2.5 30.3
Wetdays 978985247999 7 86
Wetdays ratio (%) 29.0
9,22
25.0
7,21
25.8
8,23
30.0
9,21
25.8
8,23
16.7
5,25
6.5
2,29
12.9
4,27
23.3
7,23
29.0
9,22
30.0
9,21
29.0
9,22
23.6
23.5616,76.4384


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Oct Jul Autumn Summer 3.6in
Wetdays Jan, Apr, Oct, Nov, Dec Jul Autumn Summer 7
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.8 1.9 0.9 7.2 1.5 0.6 0.8 3.3 4.3 2.1 2.1 10.5 3.3 3.0 0.3 9.3
Wetdays 9 8 1 25 5 2 3 11 62 7 55 124 9 7 2 25

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.33.02.82.41.91.50.61.22.14.34.13.1 2.5 30.3


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Oct Jul Autumn Summer 3.6in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.8 1.9 0.9 7.2 1.5 0.6 0.8 3.3 4.3 2.1 2.1 10.5 3.3 3.0 0.3 9.3


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 286 min
4 h 46 min
561 min
9 h 21 min
561,879
591 min
9 h 51 min
(31.1.)
591,849
539 min
8 h 59 min
(1.1.)
539,901
50.9 %
286,275
Feb 350 min
5 h 50 min
632 min
10 h 32 min
632,808
671 min
11 h 11 min
(29.2.)
671,769
594 min
9 h 54 min
(1.2.)
594,846
55.4 %
350,282
Mar 379 min
6 h 19 min
719 min
11 h 59 min
719,721
764 min
12 h 44 min
(31.3.)
764,676
674 min
11 h 14 min
(1.3.)
674,766
52.7 %
379,340
Apr 486 min
8 h 6 min
809 min
13 h 29 min
809,631
849 min
14 h 9 min
(30.4.)
849,591
767 min
12 h 47 min
(1.4.)
767,673
60.1 %
486,323
May 526 min
8 h 46 min
885 min
14 h 45 min
885,555
912 min
15 h 12 min
(31.5.)
912,528
852 min
14 h 12 min
(1.5.)
852,588
59.4 %
526,359
Jun 624 min
10 h 24 min
922 min
15 h 22 min
922,518
926 min
15 h 26 min
(20.6.)
926,514
914 min
15 h 14 min
(1.6.)
914,526
67.7 %
624,298
Jul 700 min
11 h 40 min
901 min
15 h 1 min
901,539
921 min
15 h 21 min
(1.7.)
921,519
873 min
14 h 33 min
(31.7.)
873,567
77.7 %
700,201
Aug 627 min
10 h 27 min
832 min
13 h 52 min
832,608
871 min
14 h 31 min
(1.8.)
871,569
791 min
13 h 11 min
(31.8.)
791,649
75.3 %
627,205
Sep 526 min
8 h 46 min
746 min
12 h 26 min
746,694
789 min
13 h 9 min
(1.9.)
789,651
703 min
11 h 43 min
(30.9.)
703,737
70.5 %
526,220
Oct 387 min
6 h 27 min
657 min
10 h 57 min
657,783
700 min
11 h 40 min
(1.10.)
700,740
614 min
10 h 14 min
(31.10.)
614,826
58.9 %
387,270
Nov 306 min
5 h 6 min
578 min
9 h 38 min
578,862
612 min
10 h 12 min
(1.11.)
612,828
550 min
9 h 10 min
(30.11.)
550,890
52.9 %
306,272
Dec 265 min
4 h 25 min
538 min
8 h 58 min
538,902
548 min
9 h 8 min
(1.12.)
548,892
535 min
8 h 55 min
(20.12.)
535,905
49.2 %
265,273
Year 493 min
8 h 13 min
732 min
12 h 12 min
732,708
926 min
15 h 26 min
(20. 6.)
926,514
535 min
8 h 55 min
(20. 12.)
535,905
67.4 %
493,239



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 526 379 464 57.6%
464,341
700 624 650 73.5%
650,234
526 306 406 61.6%
406,254
350 265 300 52.1%
300,276
Day length 912 674 804 926 791 885 789 550 660 671 535 576

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 561 min
9 h 21 min
561,879
591 min
9 h 51 min
(Array.1.)
591,849
539 min
8 h 59 min
(1.1.)
539,901
Feb 632 min
10 h 32 min
632,808
671 min
11 h 11 min
(Array.2.)
671,769
594 min
9 h 54 min
(1.2.)
594,846
Mar 719 min
11 h 59 min
719,721
764 min
12 h 44 min
(Array.3.)
764,676
674 min
11 h 14 min
(1.3.)
674,766
Apr 809 min
13 h 29 min
809,631
849 min
14 h 9 min
(Array.4.)
849,591
767 min
12 h 47 min
(1.4.)
767,673
May 885 min
14 h 45 min
885,555
912 min
15 h 12 min
(Array.5.)
912,528
852 min
14 h 12 min
(1.5.)
852,588
Jun 922 min
15 h 22 min
922,518
926 min
15 h 26 min
(Array.6.)
926,514
914 min
15 h 14 min
(1.6.)
914,526
Jul 901 min
15 h 1 min
901,539
921 min
15 h 21 min
(Array.7.)
921,519
873 min
14 h 33 min
(31.7.)
873,567
Aug 832 min
13 h 52 min
832,608
871 min
14 h 31 min
(Array.8.)
871,569
791 min
13 h 11 min
(31.8.)
791,649
Sep 746 min
12 h 26 min
746,694
789 min
13 h 9 min
(Array.9.)
789,651
703 min
11 h 43 min
(30.9.)
703,737
Oct 657 min
10 h 57 min
657,783
700 min
11 h 40 min
(Array.10.)
700,740
614 min
10 h 14 min
(31.10.)
614,826
Nov 578 min
9 h 38 min
578,862
612 min
10 h 12 min
(Array.11.)
612,828
550 min
9 h 10 min
(30.11.)
550,890
Dec 538 min
8 h 58 min
538,902
548 min
9 h 8 min
(Array.12.)
548,892
535 min
8 h 55 min
(20.12.)
535,905
Year 732 min
12 h 12 min
732,708
926 min
15 h 26 min
(21. 6.)
926,514
535 min
8 h 55 min
(21. 12.)
535,905



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 912 674 804 926 791 885 789 550 660 671 535 576

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