Berlin
Germany
52.47 ° N
13.30 ° E
230 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DClo Temperate continental climate with mild summer with cold winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DClo (Temperate continental climate with mild summer with cold winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

The continental subtype is typical for regions located more inland and this also means the temperature variation is larger than that in case of the oceanic subtype. The coldest month has an average temperature of less than 0 °C. Summers are usually warmer, while winters colder with snow being quite common.

Continental D climate type can be found for example in parts of Northeast U.S., Central and Eastern Europe and usually these areas are quite densely inhabited.

  • mild summer: warmest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C
  • cold winter: coldest month with average temperature between -10 and 0 °C

Summary

48 °F
41 / 55

23.3 in
167 days

81 %

4 h 45 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 27.028.033.039.047.053.055.054.049.043.036.030.0 41.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 31.033.039.047.056.062.064.063.056.049.040.034.0 48.0
Max Temperature (°F) 35.038.046.056.065.071.074.073.066.056.045.038.0 55.0
Range 8.010.013.017.018.018.019.019.017.013.09.08.0 14.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Jan 28.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 33.0°F
Max Temperature Jul Jan 39.0°F
Temperature range Jul, Aug Jan, Dec 47.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 47.0 33.0 39.67 14.0 55.0 53.0 54.00 2.0 49.0 36.0 42.67 13.0 30.0 27.0 28.33 3.0
Avg Temperature 56.0 39.0 47.33 17.0 64.0 62.0 63.00 2.0 56.0 40.0 48.33 16.0 34.0 31.0 32.67 3.0
Max Temperature 65.0 46.0 55.67 19.0 74.0 71.0 72.67 3.0 66.0 45.0 55.67 21.0 38.0 35.0 37.00 3.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 31.033.039.047.056.062.064.063.056.049.040.034.0 48.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 33.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 56.0 39.0 47.33 17.0 64.0 62.0 63.00 2.0 56.0 40.0 48.33 16.0 34.0 31.0 32.67 3.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 88.085.078.073.071.072.076.078.081.086.090.091.0 48.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Dec May 20.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 78.0 71.0 74.00 7.0 78.0 72.0 75.33 6.0 90.0 81.0 85.67 9.0 91.0 85.0 88.00 6.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.71.51.51.72.22.82.12.61.81.42.02.2 1.9 23.3
Wetdays 171512131213141412141615 14 167
Wetdays ratio (%) 54.8
17,14
53.6
15,13
38.7
12,19
43.3
13,17
38.7
12,19
43.3
13,17
45.2
14,17
45.2
14,17
40.0
12,18
45.2
14,17
53.3
16,14
48.4
15,16
45.8
45.7534,54.2466


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jun Oct Summer Autumn 1.4in
Wetdays Jan Mar, May, Sep Autumn Spring 5
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.2 1.5 0.7 5.3 2.8 2.1 0.7 7.5 2.0 1.4 0.6 5.2 2.2 1.5 0.7 5.3
Wetdays 13 12 1 37 14 13 1 41 49 12 37 101 17 15 2 47

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.71.51.51.72.22.82.12.61.81.42.02.2 1.9 23.3


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jun Oct Summer Autumn 1.4in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.2 1.5 0.7 5.3 2.8 2.1 0.7 7.5 2.0 1.4 0.6 5.2 2.2 1.5 0.7 5.3


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 92 min
1 h 32 min
498 min
8 h 18 min
498,942
541 min
9 h 1 min
(31.1.)
541,899
465 min
7 h 45 min
(1.1.)
465,975
18.5 %
92,406
Feb 131 min
2 h 11 min
597 min
9 h 57 min
597,843
652 min
10 h 52 min
(29.2.)
652,788
544 min
9 h 4 min
(1.2.)
544,896
21.9 %
131,466
Mar 276 min
4 h 36 min
718 min
11 h 58 min
718,722
779 min
12 h 59 min
(31.3.)
779,661
656 min
10 h 56 min
(1.3.)
656,784
38.5 %
276,442
Apr 350 min
5 h 50 min
841 min
14 h 1 min
841,599
897 min
14 h 57 min
(30.4.)
897,543
783 min
13 h 3 min
(1.4.)
783,657
41.6 %
350,491
May 450 min
7 h 30 min
948 min
15 h 48 min
948,492
988 min
16 h 28 min
(31.5.)
988,452
900 min
15 h 0 min
(1.5.)
900,540
47.5 %
450,498
Jun 488 min
8 h 8 min
1003 min
16 h 43 min
1003,437
1008 min
16 h 48 min
(20.6.)
1008,432
990 min
16 h 30 min
(1.6.)
990,450
48.6 %
488,515
Jul 460 min
7 h 40 min
971 min
16 h 11 min
971,469
1002 min
16 h 42 min
(1.7.)
1002,438
931 min
15 h 31 min
(31.7.)
931,509
47.4 %
460,511
Aug 431 min
7 h 11 min
873 min
14 h 33 min
873,567
928 min
15 h 28 min
(1.8.)
928,512
816 min
13 h 36 min
(31.8.)
816,624
49.3 %
431,442
Sep 360 min
6 h 0 min
754 min
12 h 34 min
754,686
812 min
13 h 32 min
(1.9.)
812,628
695 min
11 h 35 min
(30.9.)
695,745
47.7 %
360,394
Oct 214 min
3 h 34 min
632 min
10 h 32 min
632,808
691 min
11 h 31 min
(1.10.)
691,749
573 min
9 h 33 min
(31.10.)
573,867
33.9 %
214,418
Nov 94 min
1 h 34 min
521 min
8 h 41 min
521,919
570 min
9 h 30 min
(1.11.)
570,870
481 min
8 h 1 min
(30.11.)
481,959
18.0 %
94,427
Dec 65 min
1 h 5 min
464 min
7 h 44 min
464,976
479 min
7 h 59 min
(1.12.)
479,961
458 min
7 h 38 min
(20.12.)
458,982
14.0 %
65,399
Year 308 min
5 h 8 min
735 min
12 h 15 min
735,705
1008 min
16 h 48 min
(20. 6.)
1008,432
458 min
7 h 38 min
(20. 12.)
458,982
41.9 %
308,427



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 450 276 359 42.9%
359,477
488 431 460 48.4%
460,489
360 94 223 35.0%
223,413
131 65 96 18.5%
96,422
Day length 988 656 835 1008 816 949 812 481 636 652 458 518

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 498 min
8 h 18 min
498,942
541 min
9 h 1 min
(Array.1.)
541,899
465 min
7 h 45 min
(1.1.)
465,975
Feb 597 min
9 h 57 min
597,843
652 min
10 h 52 min
(Array.2.)
652,788
544 min
9 h 4 min
(1.2.)
544,896
Mar 718 min
11 h 58 min
718,722
779 min
12 h 59 min
(Array.3.)
779,661
656 min
10 h 56 min
(1.3.)
656,784
Apr 841 min
14 h 1 min
841,599
897 min
14 h 57 min
(Array.4.)
897,543
783 min
13 h 3 min
(1.4.)
783,657
May 948 min
15 h 48 min
948,492
988 min
16 h 28 min
(Array.5.)
988,452
900 min
15 h 0 min
(1.5.)
900,540
Jun 1003 min
16 h 43 min
1003,437
1008 min
16 h 48 min
(Array.6.)
1008,432
990 min
16 h 30 min
(1.6.)
990,450
Jul 971 min
16 h 11 min
971,469
1002 min
16 h 42 min
(Array.7.)
1002,438
931 min
15 h 31 min
(31.7.)
931,509
Aug 873 min
14 h 33 min
873,567
928 min
15 h 28 min
(Array.8.)
928,512
816 min
13 h 36 min
(31.8.)
816,624
Sep 754 min
12 h 34 min
754,686
812 min
13 h 32 min
(Array.9.)
812,628
695 min
11 h 35 min
(30.9.)
695,745
Oct 632 min
10 h 32 min
632,808
691 min
11 h 31 min
(Array.10.)
691,749
573 min
9 h 33 min
(31.10.)
573,867
Nov 521 min
8 h 41 min
521,919
570 min
9 h 30 min
(Array.11.)
570,870
481 min
8 h 1 min
(30.11.)
481,959
Dec 464 min
7 h 44 min
464,976
479 min
7 h 59 min
(Array.12.)
479,961
458 min
7 h 38 min
(20.12.)
458,982
Year 735 min
12 h 15 min
735,705
1008 min
16 h 48 min
(21. 6.)
1008,432
458 min
7 h 38 min
(21. 12.)
458,982



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 988 656 835 1008 816 949 812 481 636 652 458 518

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