Berlin
Germany
52.47 ° N
13.30 ° E
230 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DClo Temperate continental climate with mild summer with cold winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DClo (Temperate continental climate with mild summer with cold winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

The continental subtype is typical for regions located more inland and this also means the temperature variation is larger than that in case of the oceanic subtype. The coldest month has an average temperature of less than 0 °C. Summers are usually warmer, while winters colder with snow being quite common.

Continental D climate type can be found for example in parts of Northeast U.S., Central and Eastern Europe and usually these areas are quite densely inhabited.

  • mild summer: warmest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C
  • cold winter: coldest month with average temperature between -10 and 0 °C

Summary

48 °F
41 / 55

23.3 in
167 days

81 %

4 h 45 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 27.028.033.039.047.053.055.054.049.043.036.030.0 41.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 31.033.039.047.056.062.064.063.056.049.040.034.0 48.0
Max Temperature (°F) 35.038.046.056.065.071.074.073.066.056.045.038.0 55.0
Range 8.010.013.017.018.018.019.019.017.013.09.08.0 14.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Jan 28.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 33.0°F
Max Temperature Jul Jan 39.0°F
Temperature range Jul, Aug Jan, Dec 47.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 47.0 33.0 39.67 14.0 55.0 53.0 54.00 2.0 49.0 36.0 42.67 13.0 30.0 27.0 28.33 3.0
Avg Temperature 56.0 39.0 47.33 17.0 64.0 62.0 63.00 2.0 56.0 40.0 48.33 16.0 34.0 31.0 32.67 3.0
Max Temperature 65.0 46.0 55.67 19.0 74.0 71.0 72.67 3.0 66.0 45.0 55.67 21.0 38.0 35.0 37.00 3.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 31.033.039.047.056.062.064.063.056.049.040.034.0 48.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 33.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 56.0 39.0 47.33 17.0 64.0 62.0 63.00 2.0 56.0 40.0 48.33 16.0 34.0 31.0 32.67 3.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 88.085.078.073.071.072.076.078.081.086.090.091.0 48.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Dec May 20.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 78.0 71.0 74.00 7.0 78.0 72.0 75.33 6.0 90.0 81.0 85.67 9.0 91.0 85.0 88.00 6.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.71.51.51.72.22.82.12.61.81.42.02.2 1.9 23.3
Wetdays 171512131213141412141615 14 167
Wetdays ratio (%) 54.8
17,14
53.6
15,13
38.7
12,19
43.3
13,17
38.7
12,19
43.3
13,17
45.2
14,17
45.2
14,17
40.0
12,18
45.2
14,17
53.3
16,14
48.4
15,16
45.8
45.7534,54.2466


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jun Oct Summer Autumn 1.4in
Wetdays Jan Mar, May, Sep Autumn Spring 5
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.2 1.5 0.7 5.3 2.8 2.1 0.7 7.5 2.0 1.4 0.6 5.2 2.2 1.5 0.7 5.3
Wetdays 13 12 1 37 14 13 1 41 49 12 37 101 17 15 2 47

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.71.51.51.72.22.82.12.61.81.42.02.2 1.9 23.3


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jun Oct Summer Autumn 1.4in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.2 1.5 0.7 5.3 2.8 2.1 0.7 7.5 2.0 1.4 0.6 5.2 2.2 1.5 0.7 5.3


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 92 min
1 h 32 min
496 min
8 h 16 min
496,944
538 min
8 h 58 min
(31.1.)
538,902
464 min
7 h 44 min
(1.1.)
464,976
18.6 %
92,404
Feb 131 min
2 h 11 min
594 min
9 h 54 min
594,846
649 min
10 h 49 min
(29.2.)
649,791
542 min
9 h 2 min
(1.2.)
542,898
22.1 %
131,463
Mar 276 min
4 h 36 min
715 min
11 h 55 min
715,725
776 min
12 h 56 min
(31.3.)
776,664
653 min
10 h 53 min
(1.3.)
653,787
38.6 %
276,439
Apr 350 min
5 h 50 min
838 min
13 h 58 min
838,602
894 min
14 h 54 min
(30.4.)
894,546
780 min
13 h 0 min
(1.4.)
780,660
41.8 %
350,488
May 450 min
7 h 30 min
946 min
15 h 46 min
946,494
987 min
16 h 27 min
(31.5.)
987,453
898 min
14 h 58 min
(1.5.)
898,542
47.6 %
450,496
Jun 488 min
8 h 8 min
1003 min
16 h 43 min
1003,437
1008 min
16 h 48 min
(20.6.)
1008,432
989 min
16 h 29 min
(1.6.)
989,451
48.7 %
488,515
Jul 460 min
7 h 40 min
973 min
16 h 13 min
973,467
1002 min
16 h 42 min
(1.7.)
1002,438
933 min
15 h 33 min
(31.7.)
933,507
47.3 %
460,513
Aug 431 min
7 h 11 min
876 min
14 h 36 min
876,564
930 min
15 h 30 min
(1.8.)
930,510
819 min
13 h 39 min
(31.8.)
819,621
49.2 %
431,445
Sep 360 min
6 h 0 min
757 min
12 h 37 min
757,683
815 min
13 h 35 min
(1.9.)
815,625
698 min
11 h 38 min
(30.9.)
698,742
47.6 %
360,397
Oct 214 min
3 h 34 min
634 min
10 h 34 min
634,806
694 min
11 h 34 min
(1.10.)
694,746
576 min
9 h 36 min
(31.10.)
576,864
33.7 %
214,420
Nov 94 min
1 h 34 min
524 min
8 h 44 min
524,916
572 min
9 h 32 min
(1.11.)
572,868
482 min
8 h 2 min
(30.11.)
482,958
18.0 %
94,430
Dec 65 min
1 h 5 min
464 min
7 h 44 min
464,976
480 min
8 h 0 min
(1.12.)
480,960
458 min
7 h 38 min
(21.12.)
458,982
14.0 %
65,399
Year 308 min
5 h 8 min
735 min
12 h 15 min
735,705
1008 min
16 h 48 min
(20. 6.)
1008,432
458 min
7 h 38 min
(21. 12.)
458,982
41.9 %
308,427



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 450 276 359 43.1%
359,474
488 431 460 48.4%
460,490
360 94 223 34.9%
223,415
131 65 96 18.6%
96,420
Day length 987 653 833 1008 819 950 815 482 638 649 458 516

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 496 min
8 h 16 min
496,944
538 min
8 h 58 min
(Array.1.)
538,902
464 min
7 h 44 min
(1.1.)
464,976
Feb 594 min
9 h 54 min
594,846
649 min
10 h 49 min
(Array.2.)
649,791
542 min
9 h 2 min
(1.2.)
542,898
Mar 715 min
11 h 55 min
715,725
776 min
12 h 56 min
(Array.3.)
776,664
653 min
10 h 53 min
(1.3.)
653,787
Apr 838 min
13 h 58 min
838,602
894 min
14 h 54 min
(Array.4.)
894,546
780 min
13 h 0 min
(1.4.)
780,660
May 946 min
15 h 46 min
946,494
987 min
16 h 27 min
(Array.5.)
987,453
898 min
14 h 58 min
(1.5.)
898,542
Jun 1003 min
16 h 43 min
1003,437
1008 min
16 h 48 min
(Array.6.)
1008,432
989 min
16 h 29 min
(1.6.)
989,451
Jul 973 min
16 h 13 min
973,467
1002 min
16 h 42 min
(Array.7.)
1002,438
933 min
15 h 33 min
(31.7.)
933,507
Aug 876 min
14 h 36 min
876,564
930 min
15 h 30 min
(Array.8.)
930,510
819 min
13 h 39 min
(31.8.)
819,621
Sep 757 min
12 h 37 min
757,683
815 min
13 h 35 min
(Array.9.)
815,625
698 min
11 h 38 min
(30.9.)
698,742
Oct 634 min
10 h 34 min
634,806
694 min
11 h 34 min
(Array.10.)
694,746
576 min
9 h 36 min
(31.10.)
576,864
Nov 524 min
8 h 44 min
524,916
572 min
9 h 32 min
(Array.11.)
572,868
482 min
8 h 2 min
(30.11.)
482,958
Dec 464 min
7 h 44 min
464,976
480 min
8 h 0 min
(Array.12.)
480,960
458 min
7 h 38 min
(21.12.)
458,982
Year 735 min
12 h 15 min
735,705
1008 min
16 h 48 min
(21. 6.)
1008,432
458 min
7 h 38 min
(22. 12.)
458,982



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 987 653 833 1008 819 950 815 482 638 649 458 516

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