Milan
Italy
45.45 ° N
9.28 ° E
338 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfa Humid subtropical climate
+
DOak Temperate oceanic climate with hot summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfa (Humid subtropical climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • a - temperature of warmest month above 22 °C

The Cfa climate type is typical for areas on the Eastern coasts of continents, mostly between 20th and 30th latitude. The average temperature of the warmest month is higher than 22 °C and the temperature throughout the year range from usually -3 to 18 °C. In the winter, however, in some cases it can be well below freezing point.

Precipitation is relatively evenly distributed during the entire year. Humidity tends to be higher during the summer half year, when the conditions resemble the humid tropical climate. The total annual rainfall can be quite variable, most commonly between 650 and 2500 mm. Thunderstorms during the summer are frequent.

Cfa climate type can be found for example in the Southeastern USA, Northern part of Argentina, Uruguay and Southern part of Brazil, Southern Japan and South of China.


Modern Trewartha classification: DOak (Temperate oceanic climate with hot summer with cool winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

In case of the oceanic type, winter is milder than that of the continental type and the temperature of the coldest month usually above 0 °C. The weather conditions are to a large extent influenced by the nearby ocean, which causes smaller temperature variation between the individual seasons. Typical is Western wind and so we often find this type of climate on Western coasts of continents, such as for example in Western Europe or Western coast of the U.S., in latitudes between 40 and 60 ° in America and 40 and 65 ° in Europe. These regions tend to be densely inhabited.

  • hot summer: warmest month with average temperature between 23 and 28 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

55 °F
46 / 63

37.2 in
120 days

77 %

5 h 12 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 29.032.038.045.052.059.063.062.056.047.038.030.0 46.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 35.040.047.054.062.069.074.072.066.056.044.036.0 55.0
Max Temperature (°F) 40.047.056.064.071.079.084.082.076.064.050.042.0 63.0
Range 11.015.018.019.019.020.021.020.020.017.012.012.0 17.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Jan 34.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 39.0°F
Max Temperature Jul Jan 44.0°F
Temperature range Jul Jan 55.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 52.0 38.0 45.00 14.0 63.0 59.0 61.33 4.0 56.0 38.0 47.00 18.0 32.0 29.0 30.33 3.0
Avg Temperature 62.0 47.0 54.33 15.0 74.0 69.0 71.67 5.0 66.0 44.0 55.33 22.0 40.0 35.0 37.00 5.0
Max Temperature 71.0 56.0 63.67 15.0 84.0 79.0 81.67 5.0 76.0 50.0 63.33 26.0 47.0 40.0 43.00 7.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 35.040.047.054.062.069.074.072.066.056.044.036.0 55.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 39.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 62.0 47.0 54.33 15.0 74.0 69.0 71.67 5.0 66.0 44.0 55.33 22.0 40.0 35.0 37.00 5.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 86.078.071.075.072.071.071.072.074.081.085.086.0 55.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Jan, Dec Mar, Jun, Jul 15.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 75.0 71.0 72.67 4.0 72.0 71.0 71.33 1.0 85.0 74.0 80.00 11.0 86.0 78.0 83.33 8.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.52.53.23.23.82.62.73.72.73.94.02.4 3.1 37.2
Wetdays 9810121311888121110 10 120
Wetdays ratio (%) 29.0
9,22
28.6
8,20
32.3
10,21
40.0
12,18
41.9
13,18
36.7
11,19
25.8
8,23
25.8
8,23
26.7
8,22
38.7
12,19
36.7
11,19
32.3
10,21
32.9
32.8767,67.1233


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Nov Dec Autumn Winter 1.6in
Wetdays May Feb, Jul, Aug, Sep Autumn Summer, Winter 5
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.8 3.2 0.6 10.3 3.7 2.6 1.1 8.9 4.0 2.7 1.3 10.6 2.5 2.4 0.2 7.4
Wetdays 13 10 3 35 11 8 3 27 56 8 48 108 10 8 2 27

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.52.53.23.23.82.62.73.72.73.94.02.4 3.1 37.2


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Nov Dec Autumn Winter 1.6in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.8 3.2 0.6 10.3 3.7 2.6 1.1 8.9 4.0 2.7 1.3 10.6 2.5 2.4 0.2 7.4


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 120 min
2 h 0 min
550 min
9 h 10 min
550,890
582 min
9 h 42 min
(31.1.)
582,858
527 min
8 h 47 min
(1.1.)
527,913
21.8 %
120,430
Feb 203 min
3 h 23 min
625 min
10 h 25 min
625,815
668 min
11 h 8 min
(29.2.)
668,772
585 min
9 h 45 min
(1.2.)
585,855
32.5 %
203,422
Mar 305 min
5 h 5 min
719 min
11 h 59 min
719,721
767 min
12 h 47 min
(31.3.)
767,673
671 min
11 h 11 min
(1.3.)
671,769
42.4 %
305,414
Apr 372 min
6 h 12 min
815 min
13 h 35 min
815,625
857 min
14 h 17 min
(30.4.)
857,583
770 min
12 h 50 min
(1.4.)
770,670
45.7 %
372,443
May 431 min
7 h 11 min
896 min
14 h 56 min
896,544
925 min
15 h 25 min
(31.5.)
925,515
860 min
14 h 20 min
(1.5.)
860,580
48.1 %
431,465
Jun 480 min
8 h 0 min
936 min
15 h 36 min
936,504
940 min
15 h 40 min
(20.6.)
940,500
927 min
15 h 27 min
(1.6.)
927,513
51.3 %
480,456
Jul 545 min
9 h 5 min
913 min
15 h 13 min
913,527
935 min
15 h 35 min
(1.7.)
935,505
883 min
14 h 43 min
(31.7.)
883,557
59.7 %
545,368
Aug 491 min
8 h 11 min
840 min
13 h 60 min
840,600
881 min
14 h 41 min
(1.8.)
881,559
796 min
13 h 16 min
(31.8.)
796,644
58.5 %
491,349
Sep 360 min
6 h 0 min
747 min
12 h 27 min
747,693
793 min
13 h 13 min
(1.9.)
793,647
702 min
11 h 42 min
(30.9.)
702,738
48.2 %
360,387
Oct 234 min
3 h 54 min
652 min
10 h 52 min
652,788
699 min
11 h 39 min
(1.10.)
699,741
607 min
10 h 7 min
(31.10.)
607,833
35.9 %
234,418
Nov 102 min
1 h 42 min
568 min
9 h 28 min
568,872
604 min
10 h 4 min
(1.11.)
604,836
538 min
8 h 58 min
(30.11.)
538,902
18.0 %
102,466
Dec 90 min
1 h 30 min
526 min
8 h 46 min
526,914
536 min
8 h 56 min
(1.12.)
536,904
522 min
8 h 42 min
(20.12.)
522,918
17.1 %
90,436
Year 337 min
5 h 37 min
732 min
12 h 12 min
732,708
940 min
15 h 40 min
(20. 6.)
940,500
522 min
8 h 42 min
(20. 12.)
522,918
46.0 %
337,395



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 431 305 369 45.6%
369,441
545 480 505 56.4%
505,390
360 102 232 35.4%
232,424
203 90 138 24.3%
138,428
Day length 925 671 810 940 796 896 793 538 656 668 522 566

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 550 min
9 h 10 min
550,890
582 min
9 h 42 min
(Array.1.)
582,858
527 min
8 h 47 min
(1.1.)
527,913
Feb 625 min
10 h 25 min
625,815
668 min
11 h 8 min
(Array.2.)
668,772
585 min
9 h 45 min
(1.2.)
585,855
Mar 719 min
11 h 59 min
719,721
767 min
12 h 47 min
(Array.3.)
767,673
671 min
11 h 11 min
(1.3.)
671,769
Apr 815 min
13 h 35 min
815,625
857 min
14 h 17 min
(Array.4.)
857,583
770 min
12 h 50 min
(1.4.)
770,670
May 896 min
14 h 56 min
896,544
925 min
15 h 25 min
(Array.5.)
925,515
860 min
14 h 20 min
(1.5.)
860,580
Jun 936 min
15 h 36 min
936,504
940 min
15 h 40 min
(Array.6.)
940,500
927 min
15 h 27 min
(1.6.)
927,513
Jul 913 min
15 h 13 min
913,527
935 min
15 h 35 min
(Array.7.)
935,505
883 min
14 h 43 min
(31.7.)
883,557
Aug 840 min
13 h 60 min
840,600
881 min
14 h 41 min
(Array.8.)
881,559
796 min
13 h 16 min
(31.8.)
796,644
Sep 747 min
12 h 27 min
747,693
793 min
13 h 13 min
(Array.9.)
793,647
702 min
11 h 42 min
(30.9.)
702,738
Oct 652 min
10 h 52 min
652,788
699 min
11 h 39 min
(Array.10.)
699,741
607 min
10 h 7 min
(31.10.)
607,833
Nov 568 min
9 h 28 min
568,872
604 min
10 h 4 min
(Array.11.)
604,836
538 min
8 h 58 min
(30.11.)
538,902
Dec 526 min
8 h 46 min
526,914
536 min
8 h 56 min
(Array.12.)
536,904
522 min
8 h 42 min
(20.12.)
522,918
Year 732 min
12 h 12 min
732,708
940 min
15 h 40 min
(21. 6.)
940,500
522 min
8 h 42 min
(21. 12.)
522,918



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 925 671 810 940 796 896 793 538 656 668 522 566

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