Torino
Italy
45.03 ° N
7.73 ° E
2329 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DObk Temperate oceanic climate with warm summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DObk (Temperate oceanic climate with warm summer with cool winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

In case of the oceanic type, winter is milder than that of the continental type and the temperature of the coldest month usually above 0 °C. The weather conditions are to a large extent influenced by the nearby ocean, which causes smaller temperature variation between the individual seasons. Typical is Western wind and so we often find this type of climate on Western coasts of continents, such as for example in Western Europe or Western coast of the U.S., in latitudes between 40 and 60 ° in America and 40 and 65 ° in Europe. These regions tend to be densely inhabited.

  • warm summer: warmest month with average temperature between 18 and 23 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

52 °F
46 / 58

29.4 in

72 %


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 31.033.037.043.050.056.062.061.056.048.038.033.0 46.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 36.038.043.050.057.064.069.067.062.053.043.038.0 52.0
Max Temperature (°F) 41.043.049.056.064.071.076.074.068.058.048.043.0 58.0
Range 10.010.012.013.014.015.014.013.012.010.010.010.0 12.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Jan 31.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 33.0°F
Max Temperature Jul Jan 35.0°F
Temperature range Jun Jan, Feb, Oct, Nov, Dec 45.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 50.0 37.0 43.33 13.0 62.0 56.0 59.67 6.0 56.0 38.0 47.33 18.0 33.0 31.0 32.33 2.0
Avg Temperature 57.0 43.0 50.00 14.0 69.0 64.0 66.67 5.0 62.0 43.0 52.67 19.0 38.0 36.0 37.33 2.0
Max Temperature 64.0 49.0 56.33 15.0 76.0 71.0 73.67 5.0 68.0 48.0 58.00 20.0 43.0 41.0 42.33 2.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 36.038.043.050.057.064.069.067.062.053.043.038.0 52.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 33.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 57.0 43.0 50.00 14.0 69.0 64.0 66.67 5.0 62.0 43.0 52.67 19.0 38.0 36.0 37.33 2.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 65.070.064.072.075.075.075.075.076.079.074.067.0 52.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Oct Mar 15.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 75.0 64.0 70.33 11.0 75.0 75.0 75.00 0.0 79.0 74.0 76.33 5.0 70.0 65.0 67.33 5.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.21.72.13.54.53.21.82.92.52.92.01.1 2.5 29.4
Wetdays -9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999 -9999 -119988
Wetdays ratio (%) -32254.8
-9999,10030
-35710.7
-9999,10027
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-32873.4
-32873.4,32973.4


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation May Dec Spring Winter 3.3in
Wetdays 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec Autumn Spring, Summer, Winter 0
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 4.5 2.1 2.4 10.0 3.2 1.8 1.4 7.9 2.9 2.0 0.9 7.4 1.7 1.1 0.6 4.0
Wetdays -9999 -9999 0 -29997 -9999 -9999 0 -29997 53 -9999 10052 -9903 -9999 -9999 0 -29997

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.21.72.13.54.53.21.82.92.52.92.01.1 2.5 29.4


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation May Dec Spring Winter 3.3in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 4.5 2.1 2.4 10.0 3.2 1.8 1.4 7.9 2.9 2.0 0.9 7.4 1.7 1.1 0.6 4.0


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
553 min
9 h 13 min
553,887
585 min
9 h 45 min
(31.1.)
585,855
530 min
8 h 50 min
(1.1.)
530,910
-1808.3 %
-9999,10552
Feb -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
627 min
10 h 27 min
627,813
669 min
11 h 9 min
(29.2.)
669,771
587 min
9 h 47 min
(1.2.)
587,853
-1595.1 %
-9999,10626
Mar -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
719 min
11 h 59 min
719,721
766 min
12 h 46 min
(31.3.)
766,674
672 min
11 h 12 min
(1.3.)
672,768
-1390.4 %
-9999,10718
Apr -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
813 min
13 h 33 min
813,627
856 min
14 h 16 min
(30.4.)
856,584
770 min
12 h 50 min
(1.4.)
770,670
-1229.2 %
-9999,10812
May -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
893 min
14 h 53 min
893,547
922 min
15 h 22 min
(31.5.)
922,518
858 min
14 h 18 min
(1.5.)
858,582
-1119.3 %
-9999,10892
Jun -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
933 min
15 h 33 min
933,507
936 min
15 h 36 min
(20.6.)
936,504
924 min
15 h 24 min
(1.6.)
924,516
-1071.9 %
-9999,10932
Jul -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
910 min
15 h 10 min
910,530
932 min
15 h 32 min
(1.7.)
932,508
881 min
14 h 41 min
(31.7.)
881,559
-1098.7 %
-9999,10909
Aug -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
838 min
13 h 58 min
838,602
878 min
14 h 38 min
(1.8.)
878,562
795 min
13 h 15 min
(31.8.)
795,645
-1193.3 %
-9999,10837
Sep -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
747 min
12 h 27 min
747,693
792 min
13 h 12 min
(1.9.)
792,648
702 min
11 h 42 min
(30.9.)
702,738
-1338.5 %
-9999,10746
Oct -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
653 min
10 h 53 min
653,787
699 min
11 h 39 min
(1.10.)
699,741
609 min
10 h 9 min
(31.10.)
609,831
-1531.0 %
-9999,10652
Nov -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
570 min
9 h 30 min
570,870
606 min
10 h 6 min
(1.11.)
606,834
541 min
9 h 1 min
(30.11.)
541,899
-1752.7 %
-9999,10569
Dec -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
529 min
8 h 49 min
529,911
539 min
8 h 59 min
(1.12.)
539,901
525 min
8 h 45 min
(20.12.)
525,915
-1891.5 %
-9999,10528
Year -10832 min
-181 h 28 min
732 min
12 h 12 min
732,708
936 min
15 h 36 min
(20. 6.)
936,504
525 min
8 h 45 min
(20. 12.)
525,915
-1479.1 %
-10832,11565



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) -9999 -9999 -9999 -1236.6%
-9999,10808
-9999 -9999 -9999 -1119.5%
-9999,10892
-9999 -9999 -9,999 -1522.3%
-9999,10656
-9999 -9999 -9999 -1759.7%
-9999,10567
Day length 922 672 809 936 795 893 792 541 657 669 525 568

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 553 min
9 h 13 min
553,887
585 min
9 h 45 min
(Array.1.)
585,855
530 min
8 h 50 min
(1.1.)
530,910
Feb 627 min
10 h 27 min
627,813
669 min
11 h 9 min
(Array.2.)
669,771
587 min
9 h 47 min
(1.2.)
587,853
Mar 719 min
11 h 59 min
719,721
766 min
12 h 46 min
(Array.3.)
766,674
672 min
11 h 12 min
(1.3.)
672,768
Apr 813 min
13 h 33 min
813,627
856 min
14 h 16 min
(Array.4.)
856,584
770 min
12 h 50 min
(1.4.)
770,670
May 893 min
14 h 53 min
893,547
922 min
15 h 22 min
(Array.5.)
922,518
858 min
14 h 18 min
(1.5.)
858,582
Jun 933 min
15 h 33 min
933,507
936 min
15 h 36 min
(Array.6.)
936,504
924 min
15 h 24 min
(1.6.)
924,516
Jul 910 min
15 h 10 min
910,530
932 min
15 h 32 min
(Array.7.)
932,508
881 min
14 h 41 min
(31.7.)
881,559
Aug 838 min
13 h 58 min
838,602
878 min
14 h 38 min
(Array.8.)
878,562
795 min
13 h 15 min
(31.8.)
795,645
Sep 747 min
12 h 27 min
747,693
792 min
13 h 12 min
(Array.9.)
792,648
702 min
11 h 42 min
(30.9.)
702,738
Oct 653 min
10 h 53 min
653,787
699 min
11 h 39 min
(Array.10.)
699,741
609 min
10 h 9 min
(31.10.)
609,831
Nov 570 min
9 h 30 min
570,870
606 min
10 h 6 min
(Array.11.)
606,834
541 min
9 h 1 min
(30.11.)
541,899
Dec 529 min
8 h 49 min
529,911
539 min
8 h 59 min
(Array.12.)
539,901
525 min
8 h 45 min
(20.12.)
525,915
Year 732 min
12 h 12 min
732,708
936 min
15 h 36 min
(21. 6.)
936,504
525 min
8 h 45 min
(21. 12.)
525,915



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 922 672 809 936 795 893 792 541 657 669 525 568

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