Malaga
Spain
36.68 ° N
4.48 ° W
23 ft
Warm temperate thorn steppe
Csa Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
+
Csal Subtropical climate with dry summer with hot summer with mild winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Csa (Hot-summer Mediterranean climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • s – precipitation in the driest month during the summer half year is less than 30 mm and less than one third of the precipitation in the month with highest precipitation in the winter half year.
  • a - temperature of the warmest month is higher than 22 °C

Cs climate type is characterized by a dry summer and wet winter. In the case of the Csa subtype, the summer tends to be very warm. The average temperature of the warmest month is above 22 °C. The wettest month in the winter usually has three times as much precipitation than the driest month in the summer, which usually has less than 30 mm of rainfall. Summers are therefore quite dry, with relatively little cloudiness and often longer periods with no rain at all. Winters on the other hand are wet and very rarely it snows as well.

Temperatures in the summer reach very high values between 30 and 40 °C. In the winter it is very unusual for the temperatures to fall below freezing point.

The continental Mediterranean climate (Csa) is sometimes also referred to as hot Mediterranean climate. The higher temperatures are the result of the fact that the places are usually deeper inland. The Csa subtype is more common than the other Cs climates and usually represents what most people imagine under the term “Mediterranean climate”.

It can be found for example around the Mediterranean sea in Europe, in Southwest Australia, Southwestern part of South Africa, some parts in Central Asia and in Northern California. Other places also include some microregions such as the Spanish capital Madrid, Italian Rome, American Los Angeles or Perth in Australia.


Modern Trewartha classification: Csal (Subtropical climate with dry summer with hot summer with mild winter)

Subtropical in the Koppen and Trewartha classification is defined as a region, where at least eight months has an average temperature of more than 10 °C, but the coldest month has an average temperature of less than 18 °C. The individual subtypes then differ in their annual precipitation distribution. In Trewartha classification there is a condition of maximum annual precipitation of 900 mm.

In general the subtropical climate is usually found in areas polewards from the tropical zones. It can also be found inside tropical zones at places with higher altitude. Typical are for example citrus trees or palm trees.

The Cs subtype in the Trewartha classification represents a subtropical climate with dry summer, sometimes referred to as the Mediterranean climate. It is characterized by hot and dry summers and mild winters, during which most of the precipitation is observed. High pressure is the dominating factor in the summer, when precipitation is very small and if there is some, it is usually in the form of very short, but intense thunderstorms. In the winter it can sometimes snow, especially at higher altitudes, but in general the winters are mild.

This climate type is most common in western coasts of continents in the middle latitudes, for example it includes areas on the West coast of the U.S. such as California, Southern Europe or Southwest tip of Australia.

  • hot summer: warmest month with average temperature between 23 and 28 °C
  • mild winter: coldest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C

Summary

64 °F
58 / 73

23.0 in
52 days

66 %

7 h 58 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 48.048.052.054.059.066.070.072.068.061.054.048.0 58.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 54.055.057.060.066.072.077.078.074.066.059.055.0 64.0
Max Temperature (°F) 63.063.066.068.073.081.084.086.082.075.068.063.0 73.0
Range 15.015.014.014.014.015.014.014.014.014.014.015.0 15.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Aug Jan, Feb, Dec 24.0°F
Avg Temperature Aug Jan 24.0°F
Max Temperature Aug Jan, Feb, Dec 23.0°F
Temperature range 0, Jan, Feb, Jun, Dec Mar, Apr, May, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 38.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 59.0 52.0 55.00 7.0 72.0 66.0 69.33 6.0 68.0 54.0 61.00 14.0 48.0 48.0 48.00 0.0
Avg Temperature 66.0 57.0 61.00 9.0 78.0 72.0 75.67 6.0 74.0 59.0 66.33 15.0 55.0 54.0 54.67 1.0
Max Temperature 73.0 66.0 69.00 7.0 86.0 81.0 83.67 5.0 82.0 68.0 75.00 14.0 63.0 63.0 63.00 0.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 54.055.057.060.066.072.077.078.074.066.059.055.0 64.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Aug Jan 24.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 66.0 57.0 61.00 9.0 78.0 72.0 75.67 6.0 74.0 59.0 66.33 15.0 55.0 54.0 54.67 1.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 70.069.068.064.063.060.062.063.065.067.069.070.0 64.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Jan, Dec Jun 10.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 68.0 63.0 65.00 5.0 63.0 60.0 61.67 3.0 69.0 65.0 67.00 4.0 70.0 69.0 69.67 1.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.33.02.31.60.90.50.10.20.62.24.53.9 1.9 23.0
Wetdays 667641012577 4 52
Wetdays ratio (%) 19.4
6,25
21.4
6,22
22.6
7,24
20.0
6,24
12.9
4,27
3.3
1,29
0.0
0,31
3.2
1,30
6.7
2,28
16.1
5,26
23.3
7,23
22.6
7,24
14.2
14.2466,85.7534


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Nov Jul Winter Summer 4.5in
Wetdays Mar, Nov, Dec Jul Autumn Summer 7
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.3 0.9 1.4 4.8 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.8 4.5 0.6 3.9 7.3 3.9 3.0 0.9 10.1
Wetdays 7 4 3 17 1 0 1 2 66 2 64 127 7 6 1 19

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.33.02.31.60.90.50.10.20.62.24.53.9 1.9 23.0


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Nov Jul Winter Summer 4.5in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.3 0.9 1.4 4.8 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.8 4.5 0.6 3.9 7.3 3.9 3.0 0.9 10.1


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 358 min
5 h 58 min
598 min
9 h 58 min
598,842
621 min
10 h 21 min
(31.1.)
621,819
582 min
9 h 42 min
(1.1.)
582,858
59.8 %
358,240
Feb 380 min
6 h 20 min
652 min
10 h 52 min
652,788
683 min
11 h 23 min
(29.2.)
683,757
623 min
10 h 23 min
(1.2.)
623,817
58.3 %
380,272
Mar 371 min
6 h 11 min
721 min
12 h 1 min
721,719
756 min
12 h 36 min
(31.3.)
756,684
686 min
11 h 26 min
(1.3.)
686,754
51.5 %
371,350
Apr 472 min
7 h 52 min
791 min
13 h 11 min
791,649
821 min
13 h 41 min
(30.4.)
821,619
758 min
12 h 38 min
(1.4.)
758,682
59.7 %
472,319
May 578 min
9 h 38 min
849 min
14 h 9 min
849,591
870 min
14 h 30 min
(31.5.)
870,570
823 min
13 h 43 min
(1.5.)
823,617
68.1 %
578,271
Jun 688 min
11 h 28 min
877 min
14 h 37 min
877,563
880 min
14 h 40 min
(19.6.)
880,560
871 min
14 h 31 min
(1.6.)
871,569
78.4 %
688,189
Jul 685 min
11 h 25 min
861 min
14 h 21 min
861,579
876 min
14 h 36 min
(1.7.)
876,564
840 min
13 h 60 min
(31.7.)
840,600
79.6 %
685,176
Aug 630 min
10 h 30 min
808 min
13 h 28 min
808,632
838 min
13 h 58 min
(1.8.)
838,602
777 min
12 h 57 min
(31.8.)
777,663
77.9 %
630,178
Sep 486 min
8 h 6 min
741 min
12 h 21 min
741,699
774 min
12 h 54 min
(1.9.)
774,666
708 min
11 h 48 min
(30.9.)
708,732
65.6 %
486,255
Oct 404 min
6 h 44 min
671 min
11 h 11 min
671,769
705 min
11 h 45 min
(1.10.)
705,735
639 min
10 h 39 min
(31.10.)
639,801
60.2 %
404,267
Nov 356 min
5 h 56 min
611 min
10 h 11 min
611,829
637 min
10 h 37 min
(1.11.)
637,803
590 min
9 h 50 min
(30.11.)
590,850
58.3 %
356,255
Dec 323 min
5 h 23 min
581 min
9 h 41 min
581,859
588 min
9 h 48 min
(1.12.)
588,852
578 min
9 h 38 min
(20.12.)
578,862
55.6 %
323,258
Year 517 min
8 h 37 min
730 min
12 h 10 min
730,710
880 min
14 h 40 min
(19. 6.)
880,560
578 min
9 h 38 min
(20. 12.)
578,862
70.9 %
517,213



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 578 371 474 60.2%
474,313
688 630 668 78.7%
668,181
486 356 415 61.6%
415,259
380 323 354 58.0%
354,256
Day length 870 686 787 880 777 848 774 590 675 683 578 610

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 598 min
9 h 58 min
598,842
621 min
10 h 21 min
(Array.1.)
621,819
582 min
9 h 42 min
(1.1.)
582,858
Feb 652 min
10 h 52 min
652,788
683 min
11 h 23 min
(Array.2.)
683,757
623 min
10 h 23 min
(1.2.)
623,817
Mar 721 min
12 h 1 min
721,719
756 min
12 h 36 min
(Array.3.)
756,684
686 min
11 h 26 min
(1.3.)
686,754
Apr 791 min
13 h 11 min
791,649
821 min
13 h 41 min
(Array.4.)
821,619
758 min
12 h 38 min
(1.4.)
758,682
May 849 min
14 h 9 min
849,591
870 min
14 h 30 min
(Array.5.)
870,570
823 min
13 h 43 min
(1.5.)
823,617
Jun 877 min
14 h 37 min
877,563
880 min
14 h 40 min
(Array.6.)
880,560
871 min
14 h 31 min
(1.6.)
871,569
Jul 861 min
14 h 21 min
861,579
876 min
14 h 36 min
(Array.7.)
876,564
840 min
13 h 60 min
(31.7.)
840,600
Aug 808 min
13 h 28 min
808,632
838 min
13 h 58 min
(Array.8.)
838,602
777 min
12 h 57 min
(31.8.)
777,663
Sep 741 min
12 h 21 min
741,699
774 min
12 h 54 min
(Array.9.)
774,666
708 min
11 h 48 min
(30.9.)
708,732
Oct 671 min
11 h 11 min
671,769
705 min
11 h 45 min
(Array.10.)
705,735
639 min
10 h 39 min
(31.10.)
639,801
Nov 611 min
10 h 11 min
611,829
637 min
10 h 37 min
(Array.11.)
637,803
590 min
9 h 50 min
(30.11.)
590,850
Dec 581 min
9 h 41 min
581,859
588 min
9 h 48 min
(Array.12.)
588,852
578 min
9 h 38 min
(20.12.)
578,862
Year 730 min
12 h 10 min
730,710
880 min
14 h 40 min
(20. 6.)
880,560
578 min
9 h 38 min
(21. 12.)
578,862



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 870 686 787 880 777 848 774 590 675 683 578 610

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