Copenhagen
Denmark
55.68 ° N
12.53 ° E
30 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DCbk Temperate continental climate with warm summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DCbk (Temperate continental climate with warm summer with cool winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

The continental subtype is typical for regions located more inland and this also means the temperature variation is larger than that in case of the oceanic subtype. The coldest month has an average temperature of less than 0 °C. Summers are usually warmer, while winters colder with snow being quite common.

Continental D climate type can be found for example in parts of Northeast U.S., Central and Eastern Europe and usually these areas are quite densely inhabited.

  • warm summer: warmest month with average temperature between 18 and 23 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

47 °F
42 / 53

23.6 in
171 days

79 %

4 h 23 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 28.027.030.039.046.052.057.057.052.045.037.034.0 42.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 32.032.036.045.054.061.064.063.057.048.041.037.0 47.0
Max Temperature (°F) 36.036.041.050.061.066.072.070.064.054.045.039.0 53.0
Range 8.09.011.011.015.014.015.013.012.09.08.05.0 11.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul, Aug Feb 30.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul Jan, Feb 32.0°F
Max Temperature Jul Jan, Feb 36.0°F
Temperature range May, Jul Dec 45.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 46.0 30.0 38.33 16.0 57.0 52.0 55.33 5.0 52.0 37.0 44.67 15.0 34.0 27.0 29.67 7.0
Avg Temperature 54.0 36.0 45.00 18.0 64.0 61.0 62.67 3.0 57.0 41.0 48.67 16.0 37.0 32.0 33.67 5.0
Max Temperature 61.0 41.0 50.67 20.0 72.0 66.0 69.33 6.0 64.0 45.0 54.33 19.0 39.0 36.0 37.00 3.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 32.032.036.045.054.061.064.063.057.048.041.037.0 47.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan, Feb 32.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 54.0 36.0 45.00 18.0 64.0 61.0 62.67 3.0 57.0 41.0 48.67 16.0 37.0 32.0 33.67 5.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 87.085.083.076.068.068.071.074.078.083.087.088.0 47.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Dec May, Jun 20.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 83.0 68.0 75.67 15.0 74.0 68.0 71.00 6.0 87.0 78.0 82.67 9.0 88.0 85.0 86.67 3.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.91.51.31.51.61.92.82.62.42.31.91.9 2.0 23.6
Wetdays 171312131113141415161617 14 171
Wetdays ratio (%) 54.8
17,14
46.4
13,15
38.7
12,19
43.3
13,17
35.5
11,20
43.3
13,17
45.2
14,17
45.2
14,17
50.0
15,15
51.6
16,15
53.3
16,14
54.8
17,14
46.8
46.8493,53.1507


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jul Mar Summer Spring 1.5in
Wetdays Jan, Dec May Autumn Spring 6
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.6 1.3 0.3 4.3 2.8 1.9 1.0 7.3 2.4 1.9 0.6 6.7 1.9 1.5 0.4 5.4
Wetdays 13 11 2 36 14 13 1 41 48 15 33 104 17 13 4 47

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.91.51.31.51.61.92.82.62.42.31.91.9 2.0 23.6


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jul Mar Summer Spring 1.5in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.6 1.3 0.3 4.3 2.8 1.9 1.0 7.3 2.4 1.9 0.6 6.7 1.9 1.5 0.4 5.4


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 69 min
1 h 9 min
466 min
7 h 46 min
466,974
516 min
8 h 36 min
(31.1.)
516,924
428 min
7 h 8 min
(1.1.)
428,1012
14.8 %
69,397
Feb 116 min
1 h 56 min
580 min
9 h 40 min
580,860
643 min
10 h 43 min
(29.2.)
643,797
520 min
8 h 40 min
(1.2.)
520,920
20.0 %
116,464
Mar 228 min
3 h 48 min
717 min
11 h 57 min
717,723
786 min
13 h 6 min
(31.3.)
786,654
648 min
10 h 48 min
(1.3.)
648,792
31.8 %
228,489
Apr 322 min
5 h 22 min
856 min
14 h 16 min
856,584
920 min
15 h 20 min
(30.4.)
920,520
791 min
13 h 11 min
(1.4.)
791,649
37.6 %
322,534
May 474 min
7 h 54 min
980 min
16 h 20 min
980,460
1027 min
17 h 7 min
(31.5.)
1027,413
924 min
15 h 24 min
(1.5.)
924,516
48.4 %
474,506
Jun 490 min
8 h 10 min
1045 min
17 h 25 min
1045,395
1051 min
17 h 31 min
(20.6.)
1051,389
1029 min
17 h 9 min
(1.6.)
1029,411
46.9 %
490,555
Jul 462 min
7 h 42 min
1007 min
16 h 47 min
1007,433
1043 min
17 h 23 min
(1.7.)
1043,397
959 min
15 h 59 min
(31.7.)
959,481
45.9 %
462,545
Aug 400 min
6 h 40 min
893 min
14 h 53 min
893,547
955 min
15 h 55 min
(1.8.)
955,485
828 min
13 h 48 min
(31.8.)
828,612
44.8 %
400,493
Sep 314 min
5 h 14 min
758 min
12 h 38 min
758,682
824 min
13 h 44 min
(1.9.)
824,616
692 min
11 h 32 min
(30.9.)
692,748
41.4 %
314,444
Oct 168 min
2 h 48 min
620 min
10 h 20 min
620,820
687 min
11 h 27 min
(1.10.)
687,753
553 min
9 h 13 min
(31.10.)
553,887
27.1 %
168,452
Nov 68 min
1 h 8 min
494 min
8 h 14 min
494,946
549 min
9 h 9 min
(1.11.)
549,891
446 min
7 h 26 min
(30.11.)
446,994
13.8 %
68,426
Dec 36 min
0 h 36 min
426 min
7 h 6 min
426,1014
444 min
7 h 24 min
(1.12.)
444,996
420 min
6 h 60 min
(20.12.)
420,1020
8.4 %
36,390
Year 284 min
4 h 44 min
737 min
12 h 17 min
737,703
1051 min
17 h 31 min
(20. 6.)
1051,389
420 min
6 h 60 min
(20. 12.)
420,1020
38.6 %
284,453



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 474 228 341 40.1%
341,510
490 400 451 45.9%
451,530
314 68 183 29.4%
183,440
116 36 74 15.1%
74,415
Day length 1027 648 851 1051 828 981 824 446 624 643 420 489

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 466 min
7 h 46 min
466,974
516 min
8 h 36 min
(Array.1.)
516,924
428 min
7 h 8 min
(1.1.)
428,1012
Feb 580 min
9 h 40 min
580,860
643 min
10 h 43 min
(Array.2.)
643,797
520 min
8 h 40 min
(1.2.)
520,920
Mar 717 min
11 h 57 min
717,723
786 min
13 h 6 min
(Array.3.)
786,654
648 min
10 h 48 min
(1.3.)
648,792
Apr 856 min
14 h 16 min
856,584
920 min
15 h 20 min
(Array.4.)
920,520
791 min
13 h 11 min
(1.4.)
791,649
May 980 min
16 h 20 min
980,460
1027 min
17 h 7 min
(Array.5.)
1027,413
924 min
15 h 24 min
(1.5.)
924,516
Jun 1045 min
17 h 25 min
1045,395
1051 min
17 h 31 min
(Array.6.)
1051,389
1029 min
17 h 9 min
(1.6.)
1029,411
Jul 1007 min
16 h 47 min
1007,433
1043 min
17 h 23 min
(Array.7.)
1043,397
959 min
15 h 59 min
(31.7.)
959,481
Aug 893 min
14 h 53 min
893,547
955 min
15 h 55 min
(Array.8.)
955,485
828 min
13 h 48 min
(31.8.)
828,612
Sep 758 min
12 h 38 min
758,682
824 min
13 h 44 min
(Array.9.)
824,616
692 min
11 h 32 min
(30.9.)
692,748
Oct 620 min
10 h 20 min
620,820
687 min
11 h 27 min
(Array.10.)
687,753
553 min
9 h 13 min
(31.10.)
553,887
Nov 494 min
8 h 14 min
494,946
549 min
9 h 9 min
(Array.11.)
549,891
446 min
7 h 26 min
(30.11.)
446,994
Dec 426 min
7 h 6 min
426,1014
444 min
7 h 24 min
(Array.12.)
444,996
420 min
6 h 60 min
(20.12.)
420,1020
Year 737 min
12 h 17 min
737,703
1051 min
17 h 31 min
(21. 6.)
1051,389
420 min
6 h 60 min
(21. 12.)
420,1020



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 1027 648 851 1051 828 981 824 446 624 643 420 489

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