Manchester
England, UK
53.38 ° N
2.30 ° W
246 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DOlk Temperate oceanic climate with mild summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DOlk (Temperate oceanic climate with mild summer with cool winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

In case of the oceanic type, winter is milder than that of the continental type and the temperature of the coldest month usually above 0 °C. The weather conditions are to a large extent influenced by the nearby ocean, which causes smaller temperature variation between the individual seasons. Typical is Western wind and so we often find this type of climate on Western coasts of continents, such as for example in Western Europe or Western coast of the U.S., in latitudes between 40 and 60 ° in America and 40 and 65 ° in Europe. These regions tend to be densely inhabited.

  • mild summer: warmest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

49 °F
43 / 55

31.9 in

82 %

2 h 55 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 34.034.037.040.045.050.054.053.050.046.038.036.0 43.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 39.039.042.046.052.058.060.060.056.051.043.040.0 49.0
Max Temperature (°F) 44.044.048.053.060.065.067.067.063.057.048.045.0 55.0
Range 10.010.011.013.015.015.013.014.013.011.010.09.0 12.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Jan, Feb 20.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb 21.0°F
Max Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb 23.0°F
Temperature range May, Jun Dec 33.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 45.0 37.0 40.67 8.0 54.0 50.0 52.33 4.0 50.0 38.0 44.67 12.0 36.0 34.0 34.67 2.0
Avg Temperature 52.0 42.0 46.67 10.0 60.0 58.0 59.33 2.0 56.0 43.0 50.00 13.0 40.0 39.0 39.33 1.0
Max Temperature 60.0 48.0 53.67 12.0 67.0 65.0 66.33 2.0 63.0 48.0 56.00 15.0 45.0 44.0 44.33 1.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 39.039.042.046.052.058.060.060.056.051.043.040.0 49.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb 21.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 52.0 42.0 46.67 10.0 60.0 58.0 59.33 2.0 56.0 43.0 50.00 13.0 40.0 39.0 39.33 1.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 89.089.082.078.074.077.079.081.082.084.086.086.0 49.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Jan, Feb May 15.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 82.0 74.0 78.00 8.0 81.0 77.0 79.00 4.0 86.0 82.0 84.00 4.0 89.0 86.0 88.00 3.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.72.02.42.02.42.62.63.12.93.03.13.1 2.7 31.9
Wetdays -9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999 -9999 -119988
Wetdays ratio (%) -32254.8
-9999,10030
-35710.7
-9999,10027
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-32873.4
-32873.4,32973.4


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Aug Feb Autumn Spring 1.1in
Wetdays 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec Autumn Spring, Summer, Winter 0
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.4 2.0 0.4 6.8 3.1 2.6 0.6 8.3 3.1 2.9 0.2 9.0 3.1 2.0 1.1 7.8
Wetdays -9999 -9999 0 -29997 -9999 -9999 0 -29997 51 -9999 10050 -9905 -9999 -9999 0 -29997

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.72.02.42.02.42.62.63.12.93.03.13.1 2.7 31.9


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Aug Feb Autumn Spring 1.1in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.4 2.0 0.4 6.8 3.1 2.6 0.6 8.3 3.1 2.9 0.2 9.0 3.1 2.0 1.1 7.8


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 40 min
0 h 40 min
489 min
8 h 9 min
489,951
534 min
8 h 54 min
(31.1.)
534,906
455 min
7 h 35 min
(1.1.)
455,985
8.2 %
40,449
Feb 78 min
1 h 18 min
593 min
9 h 53 min
593,847
650 min
10 h 50 min
(29.2.)
650,790
538 min
8 h 58 min
(1.2.)
538,902
13.2 %
78,515
Mar 156 min
2 h 36 min
718 min
11 h 58 min
718,722
781 min
13 h 1 min
(31.3.)
781,659
654 min
10 h 54 min
(1.3.)
654,786
21.7 %
156,562
Apr 232 min
3 h 52 min
845 min
14 h 5 min
845,595
903 min
15 h 3 min
(30.4.)
903,537
785 min
13 h 5 min
(1.4.)
785,655
27.5 %
232,613
May 305 min
5 h 5 min
957 min
15 h 57 min
957,483
998 min
16 h 38 min
(31.5.)
998,442
907 min
15 h 7 min
(1.5.)
907,533
31.9 %
305,652
Jun 330 min
5 h 30 min
1014 min
16 h 54 min
1014,426
1019 min
16 h 59 min
(20.6.)
1019,421
1000 min
16 h 40 min
(1.6.)
1000,440
32.5 %
330,684
Jul 270 min
4 h 30 min
981 min
16 h 21 min
981,459
1012 min
16 h 52 min
(1.7.)
1012,428
938 min
15 h 38 min
(31.7.)
938,502
27.5 %
270,711
Aug 269 min
4 h 29 min
879 min
14 h 39 min
879,561
935 min
15 h 35 min
(1.8.)
935,505
819 min
13 h 39 min
(31.8.)
819,621
30.6 %
269,610
Sep 202 min
3 h 22 min
755 min
12 h 35 min
755,685
815 min
13 h 35 min
(1.9.)
815,625
694 min
11 h 34 min
(30.9.)
694,746
26.8 %
202,553
Oct 127 min
2 h 7 min
628 min
10 h 28 min
628,812
690 min
11 h 30 min
(1.10.)
690,750
568 min
9 h 28 min
(31.10.)
568,872
20.2 %
127,501
Nov 60 min
1 h 0 min
514 min
8 h 34 min
514,926
564 min
9 h 24 min
(1.11.)
564,876
472 min
7 h 52 min
(30.11.)
472,968
11.7 %
60,454
Dec 32 min
0 h 32 min
454 min
7 h 34 min
454,986
469 min
7 h 49 min
(1.12.)
469,971
448 min
7 h 28 min
(20.12.)
448,992
7.0 %
32,422
Year 190 min
3 h 10 min
736 min
12 h 16 min
736,704
1019 min
16 h 59 min
(20. 6.)
1019,421
448 min
7 h 28 min
(20. 12.)
448,992
25.8 %
190,546



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 305 156 231 27.5%
231,609
330 269 290 30.3%
290,668
202 60 130 20.5%
130,503
78 32 50 9.8%
50,460
Day length 998 654 840 1019 819 957 815 472 632 650 448 510

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 489 min
8 h 9 min
489,951
534 min
8 h 54 min
(Array.1.)
534,906
455 min
7 h 35 min
(1.1.)
455,985
Feb 593 min
9 h 53 min
593,847
650 min
10 h 50 min
(Array.2.)
650,790
538 min
8 h 58 min
(1.2.)
538,902
Mar 718 min
11 h 58 min
718,722
781 min
13 h 1 min
(Array.3.)
781,659
654 min
10 h 54 min
(1.3.)
654,786
Apr 845 min
14 h 5 min
845,595
903 min
15 h 3 min
(Array.4.)
903,537
785 min
13 h 5 min
(1.4.)
785,655
May 957 min
15 h 57 min
957,483
998 min
16 h 38 min
(Array.5.)
998,442
907 min
15 h 7 min
(1.5.)
907,533
Jun 1014 min
16 h 54 min
1014,426
1019 min
16 h 59 min
(Array.6.)
1019,421
1000 min
16 h 40 min
(1.6.)
1000,440
Jul 981 min
16 h 21 min
981,459
1012 min
16 h 52 min
(Array.7.)
1012,428
938 min
15 h 38 min
(31.7.)
938,502
Aug 879 min
14 h 39 min
879,561
935 min
15 h 35 min
(Array.8.)
935,505
819 min
13 h 39 min
(31.8.)
819,621
Sep 755 min
12 h 35 min
755,685
815 min
13 h 35 min
(Array.9.)
815,625
694 min
11 h 34 min
(30.9.)
694,746
Oct 628 min
10 h 28 min
628,812
690 min
11 h 30 min
(Array.10.)
690,750
568 min
9 h 28 min
(31.10.)
568,872
Nov 514 min
8 h 34 min
514,926
564 min
9 h 24 min
(Array.11.)
564,876
472 min
7 h 52 min
(30.11.)
472,968
Dec 454 min
7 h 34 min
454,986
469 min
7 h 49 min
(Array.12.)
469,971
448 min
7 h 28 min
(20.12.)
448,992
Year 736 min
12 h 16 min
736,704
1019 min
16 h 59 min
(21. 6.)
1019,421
448 min
7 h 28 min
(21. 12.)
448,992



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 998 654 840 1019 819 957 815 472 632 650 448 510

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