Seville
Spain
37.40 ° N
5.90 ° W
102 ft
Subtropical dry forest
Csa Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
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Csal Subtropical climate with dry summer with hot summer with mild winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Csa (Hot-summer Mediterranean climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • s – precipitation in the driest month during the summer half year is less than 30 mm and less than one third of the precipitation in the month with highest precipitation in the winter half year.
  • a - temperature of the warmest month is higher than 22 °C

Cs climate type is characterized by a dry summer and wet winter. In the case of the Csa subtype, the summer tends to be very warm. The average temperature of the warmest month is above 22 °C. The wettest month in the winter usually has three times as much precipitation than the driest month in the summer, which usually has less than 30 mm of rainfall. Summers are therefore quite dry, with relatively little cloudiness and often longer periods with no rain at all. Winters on the other hand are wet and very rarely it snows as well.

Temperatures in the summer reach very high values between 30 and 40 °C. In the winter it is very unusual for the temperatures to fall below freezing point.

The continental Mediterranean climate (Csa) is sometimes also referred to as hot Mediterranean climate. The higher temperatures are the result of the fact that the places are usually deeper inland. The Csa subtype is more common than the other Cs climates and usually represents what most people imagine under the term “Mediterranean climate”.

It can be found for example around the Mediterranean sea in Europe, in Southwest Australia, Southwestern part of South Africa, some parts in Central Asia and in Northern California. Other places also include some microregions such as the Spanish capital Madrid, Italian Rome, American Los Angeles or Perth in Australia.


Modern Trewartha classification: Csal (Subtropical climate with dry summer with hot summer with mild winter)

Subtropical in the Koppen and Trewartha classification is defined as a region, where at least eight months has an average temperature of more than 10 °C, but the coldest month has an average temperature of less than 18 °C. The individual subtypes then differ in their annual precipitation distribution. In Trewartha classification there is a condition of maximum annual precipitation of 900 mm.

In general the subtropical climate is usually found in areas polewards from the tropical zones. It can also be found inside tropical zones at places with higher altitude. Typical are for example citrus trees or palm trees.

The Cs subtype in the Trewartha classification represents a subtropical climate with dry summer, sometimes referred to as the Mediterranean climate. It is characterized by hot and dry summers and mild winters, during which most of the precipitation is observed. High pressure is the dominating factor in the summer, when precipitation is very small and if there is some, it is usually in the form of very short, but intense thunderstorms. In the winter it can sometimes snow, especially at higher altitudes, but in general the winters are mild.

This climate type is most common in western coasts of continents in the middle latitudes, for example it includes areas on the West coast of the U.S. such as California, Southern Europe or Southwest tip of Australia.

  • hot summer: warmest month with average temperature between 23 and 28 °C
  • mild winter: coldest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C

Summary

65 °F
55 / 77

23.9 in
57 days

68 %

7 h 54 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 43.043.048.052.055.063.068.068.064.057.050.045.0 55.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 51.053.057.061.067.074.080.080.076.067.058.052.0 65.0
Max Temperature (°F) 59.063.068.073.079.090.097.097.090.079.068.061.0 77.0
Range 16.020.020.021.024.027.029.029.026.022.018.016.0 22.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb 25.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan 29.0°F
Max Temperature Jul, Aug Jan 38.0°F
Temperature range Jul, Aug Jan, Dec 54.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 55.0 48.0 51.67 7.0 68.0 63.0 66.33 5.0 64.0 50.0 57.00 14.0 45.0 43.0 43.67 2.0
Avg Temperature 67.0 57.0 61.67 10.0 80.0 74.0 78.00 6.0 76.0 58.0 67.00 18.0 53.0 51.0 52.00 2.0
Max Temperature 79.0 68.0 73.33 11.0 97.0 90.0 94.67 7.0 90.0 68.0 79.00 22.0 63.0 59.0 61.00 4.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 51.053.057.061.067.074.080.080.076.067.058.052.0 65.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan 29.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 67.0 57.0 61.67 10.0 80.0 74.0 78.00 6.0 76.0 58.0 67.00 18.0 53.0 51.0 52.00 2.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 80.076.074.067.064.058.054.055.063.070.078.081.0 65.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Dec Jul 27.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 74.0 64.0 68.33 10.0 58.0 54.0 55.67 4.0 78.0 63.0 70.33 15.0 81.0 76.0 79.00 5.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.32.82.22.41.20.80.10.30.82.44.03.6 2.0 23.9
Wetdays 869751002568 5 57
Wetdays ratio (%) 25.8
8,23
21.4
6,22
29.0
9,22
23.3
7,23
16.1
5,26
3.3
1,29
0.0
0,31
0.0
0,31
6.7
2,28
16.1
5,26
20.0
6,24
25.8
8,23
15.6
15.6164,84.3836


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Nov Jul Winter Summer 3.9in
Wetdays Mar Jul, Aug Autumn Summer 9
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.4 1.2 1.2 5.7 0.8 0.1 0.7 1.2 4.0 0.8 3.2 7.3 3.6 2.8 0.8 9.8
Wetdays 9 5 4 21 1 0 1 1 67 2 65 127 8 6 2 22

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.32.82.22.41.20.80.10.30.82.44.03.6 2.0 23.9


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Nov Jul Winter Summer 3.9in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.4 1.2 1.2 5.7 0.8 0.1 0.7 1.2 4.0 0.8 3.2 7.3 3.6 2.8 0.8 9.8


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 323 min
5 h 23 min
595 min
9 h 55 min
595,845
618 min
10 h 18 min
(31.1.)
618,822
578 min
9 h 38 min
(1.1.)
578,862
54.3 %
323,272
Feb 386 min
6 h 26 min
650 min
10 h 50 min
650,790
682 min
11 h 22 min
(29.2.)
682,758
620 min
10 h 20 min
(1.2.)
620,820
59.4 %
386,264
Mar 360 min
6 h 0 min
721 min
12 h 1 min
721,719
757 min
12 h 37 min
(31.3.)
757,683
685 min
11 h 25 min
(1.3.)
685,755
50.0 %
360,361
Apr 470 min
7 h 50 min
792 min
13 h 12 min
792,648
824 min
13 h 44 min
(30.4.)
824,616
759 min
12 h 39 min
(1.4.)
759,681
59.3 %
470,322
May 576 min
9 h 36 min
852 min
14 h 12 min
852,588
874 min
14 h 34 min
(31.5.)
874,566
826 min
13 h 46 min
(1.5.)
826,614
67.6 %
576,276
Jun 674 min
11 h 14 min
881 min
14 h 41 min
881,559
884 min
14 h 44 min
(20.6.)
884,556
875 min
14 h 35 min
(1.6.)
875,565
76.5 %
674,207
Jul 698 min
11 h 38 min
864 min
14 h 24 min
864,576
880 min
14 h 40 min
(1.7.)
880,560
843 min
14 h 3 min
(31.7.)
843,597
80.7 %
698,166
Aug 665 min
11 h 5 min
811 min
13 h 31 min
811,629
841 min
14 h 1 min
(1.8.)
841,599
778 min
12 h 58 min
(31.8.)
778,662
82.0 %
665,146
Sep 522 min
8 h 42 min
742 min
12 h 22 min
742,698
776 min
12 h 56 min
(1.9.)
776,664
707 min
11 h 47 min
(30.9.)
707,733
70.4 %
522,220
Oct 390 min
6 h 30 min
670 min
11 h 10 min
670,770
705 min
11 h 45 min
(1.10.)
705,735
637 min
10 h 37 min
(31.10.)
637,803
58.2 %
390,280
Nov 336 min
5 h 36 min
608 min
10 h 8 min
608,832
634 min
10 h 34 min
(1.11.)
634,806
586 min
9 h 46 min
(30.11.)
586,854
55.3 %
336,272
Dec 288 min
4 h 48 min
577 min
9 h 37 min
577,863
585 min
9 h 45 min
(1.12.)
585,855
574 min
9 h 34 min
(20.12.)
574,866
49.9 %
288,289
Year 514 min
8 h 34 min
730 min
12 h 10 min
730,710
884 min
14 h 44 min
(20. 6.)
884,556
574 min
9 h 34 min
(20. 12.)
574,866
70.3 %
514,217



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 576 360 469 59.5%
469,320
698 665 679 79.7%
679,173
522 336 416 61.8%
416,257
386 288 332 54.8%
332,274
Day length 874 685 788 884 778 852 776 586 673 682 574 606

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 595 min
9 h 55 min
595,845
618 min
10 h 18 min
(Array.1.)
618,822
578 min
9 h 38 min
(1.1.)
578,862
Feb 650 min
10 h 50 min
650,790
682 min
11 h 22 min
(Array.2.)
682,758
620 min
10 h 20 min
(1.2.)
620,820
Mar 721 min
12 h 1 min
721,719
757 min
12 h 37 min
(Array.3.)
757,683
685 min
11 h 25 min
(1.3.)
685,755
Apr 792 min
13 h 12 min
792,648
824 min
13 h 44 min
(Array.4.)
824,616
759 min
12 h 39 min
(1.4.)
759,681
May 852 min
14 h 12 min
852,588
874 min
14 h 34 min
(Array.5.)
874,566
826 min
13 h 46 min
(1.5.)
826,614
Jun 881 min
14 h 41 min
881,559
884 min
14 h 44 min
(Array.6.)
884,556
875 min
14 h 35 min
(1.6.)
875,565
Jul 864 min
14 h 24 min
864,576
880 min
14 h 40 min
(Array.7.)
880,560
843 min
14 h 3 min
(31.7.)
843,597
Aug 811 min
13 h 31 min
811,629
841 min
14 h 1 min
(Array.8.)
841,599
778 min
12 h 58 min
(31.8.)
778,662
Sep 742 min
12 h 22 min
742,698
776 min
12 h 56 min
(Array.9.)
776,664
707 min
11 h 47 min
(30.9.)
707,733
Oct 670 min
11 h 10 min
670,770
705 min
11 h 45 min
(Array.10.)
705,735
637 min
10 h 37 min
(31.10.)
637,803
Nov 608 min
10 h 8 min
608,832
634 min
10 h 34 min
(Array.11.)
634,806
586 min
9 h 46 min
(30.11.)
586,854
Dec 577 min
9 h 37 min
577,863
585 min
9 h 45 min
(Array.12.)
585,855
574 min
9 h 34 min
(20.12.)
574,866
Year 730 min
12 h 10 min
730,710
884 min
14 h 44 min
(21. 6.)
884,556
574 min
9 h 34 min
(21. 12.)
574,866



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 874 685 788 884 778 852 776 586 673 682 574 606

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