Aberdeen
Scotland, UK
57.20 ° N
2.20 ° W
213 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DOlk Temperate oceanic climate with mild summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DOlk (Temperate oceanic climate with mild summer with cool winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

In case of the oceanic type, winter is milder than that of the continental type and the temperature of the coldest month usually above 0 °C. The weather conditions are to a large extent influenced by the nearby ocean, which causes smaller temperature variation between the individual seasons. Typical is Western wind and so we often find this type of climate on Western coasts of continents, such as for example in Western Europe or Western coast of the U.S., in latitudes between 40 and 60 ° in America and 40 and 65 ° in Europe. These regions tend to be densely inhabited.

  • mild summer: warmest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

46 °F
40 / 53

30.9 in
197 days

85 %

3 h 50 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 31.032.034.036.041.046.050.049.046.042.035.033.0 40.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 37.037.040.043.048.054.057.056.053.048.041.038.0 46.0
Max Temperature (°F) 42.043.046.051.055.061.064.064.060.055.047.044.0 53.0
Range 11.011.012.015.014.015.014.015.014.013.012.011.0 13.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Jan 19.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul Jan, Feb 20.0°F
Max Temperature Jul, Aug Jan 22.0°F
Temperature range Apr, Jun, Aug Jan, Feb, Dec 33.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 41.0 34.0 37.00 7.0 50.0 46.0 48.33 4.0 46.0 35.0 41.00 11.0 33.0 31.0 32.00 2.0
Avg Temperature 48.0 40.0 43.67 8.0 57.0 54.0 55.67 3.0 53.0 41.0 47.33 12.0 38.0 37.0 37.33 1.0
Max Temperature 55.0 46.0 50.67 9.0 64.0 61.0 63.00 3.0 60.0 47.0 54.00 13.0 44.0 42.0 43.00 2.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 37.037.040.043.048.054.057.056.053.048.041.038.0 46.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan, Feb 20.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 48.0 40.0 43.67 8.0 57.0 54.0 55.67 3.0 53.0 41.0 47.33 12.0 38.0 37.0 37.33 1.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 88.084.084.081.082.081.083.084.084.086.088.089.0 46.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Dec Apr, Jun 8.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 84.0 81.0 82.33 3.0 84.0 81.0 82.67 3.0 88.0 84.0 86.00 4.0 89.0 84.0 87.00 5.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.22.02.32.12.32.12.43.02.73.03.02.9 2.6 30.9
Wetdays 191615151414181516181918 16 197
Wetdays ratio (%) 61.3
19,12
57.1
16,12
48.4
15,16
50.0
15,15
45.2
14,17
46.7
14,16
58.1
18,13
48.4
15,16
53.3
16,14
58.1
18,13
63.3
19,11
58.1
18,13
54.0
53.9726,46.0274


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jan Feb Autumn Spring 1.2in
Wetdays Jan, Nov May, Jun Autumn Spring 5
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.3 2.1 0.2 6.7 3.0 2.1 0.9 7.4 3.0 2.7 0.4 8.7 3.2 2.0 1.2 8.1
Wetdays 15 14 1 44 18 14 4 47 48 16 32 105 19 16 3 53

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.22.02.32.12.32.12.43.02.73.03.02.9 2.6 30.9


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jan Feb Autumn Spring 1.2in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.3 2.1 0.2 6.7 3.0 2.1 0.9 7.4 3.0 2.7 0.4 8.7 3.2 2.0 1.2 8.1


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 108 min
1 h 48 min
449 min
7 h 29 min
449,991
503 min
8 h 23 min
(31.1.)
503,937
407 min
6 h 47 min
(1.1.)
407,1033
24.1 %
108,341
Feb 172 min
2 h 52 min
572 min
9 h 32 min
572,868
638 min
10 h 38 min
(29.2.)
638,802
507 min
8 h 27 min
(1.2.)
507,933
30.1 %
172,400
Mar 210 min
3 h 30 min
717 min
11 h 57 min
717,723
790 min
13 h 10 min
(31.3.)
790,650
643 min
10 h 43 min
(1.3.)
643,797
29.3 %
210,507
Apr 296 min
4 h 56 min
865 min
14 h 25 min
865,575
932 min
15 h 32 min
(30.4.)
932,508
795 min
13 h 15 min
(1.4.)
795,645
34.2 %
296,569
May 352 min
5 h 52 min
997 min
16 h 37 min
997,443
1048 min
17 h 28 min
(31.5.)
1048,392
937 min
15 h 37 min
(1.5.)
937,503
35.3 %
352,645
Jun 366 min
6 h 6 min
1069 min
17 h 49 min
1069,371
1075 min
17 h 55 min
(20.6.)
1075,365
1051 min
17 h 31 min
(1.6.)
1051,389
34.3 %
366,703
Jul 307 min
5 h 7 min
1027 min
17 h 7 min
1027,413
1066 min
17 h 46 min
(1.7.)
1066,374
975 min
16 h 15 min
(31.7.)
975,465
29.9 %
307,720
Aug 288 min
4 h 48 min
904 min
15 h 4 min
904,536
970 min
16 h 10 min
(1.8.)
970,470
834 min
13 h 54 min
(31.8.)
834,606
31.9 %
288,616
Sep 260 min
4 h 20 min
760 min
12 h 40 min
760,680
829 min
13 h 49 min
(1.9.)
829,611
690 min
11 h 30 min
(30.9.)
690,750
34.2 %
260,500
Oct 187 min
3 h 7 min
613 min
10 h 13 min
613,827
685 min
11 h 25 min
(1.10.)
685,755
543 min
9 h 3 min
(31.10.)
543,897
30.5 %
187,426
Nov 120 min
2 h 0 min
479 min
7 h 59 min
479,961
538 min
8 h 58 min
(1.11.)
538,902
427 min
7 h 7 min
(30.11.)
427,1013
25.1 %
120,359
Dec 90 min
1 h 30 min
405 min
6 h 45 min
405,1035
425 min
7 h 5 min
(1.12.)
425,1015
398 min
6 h 38 min
(20.12.)
398,1042
22.2 %
90,315
Year 249 min
4 h 9 min
738 min
12 h 18 min
738,702
1075 min
17 h 55 min
(20. 6.)
1075,365
398 min
6 h 38 min
(20. 12.)
398,1042
33.7 %
249,489



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 352 210 286 33.3%
286,573
366 288 320 32.1%
320,679
260 120 189 30.6%
189,428
172 90 123 26.1%
123,350
Day length 1048 643 859 1075 834 999 829 427 617 638 398 473

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 449 min
7 h 29 min
449,991
503 min
8 h 23 min
(Array.1.)
503,937
407 min
6 h 47 min
(1.1.)
407,1033
Feb 572 min
9 h 32 min
572,868
638 min
10 h 38 min
(Array.2.)
638,802
507 min
8 h 27 min
(1.2.)
507,933
Mar 717 min
11 h 57 min
717,723
790 min
13 h 10 min
(Array.3.)
790,650
643 min
10 h 43 min
(1.3.)
643,797
Apr 865 min
14 h 25 min
865,575
932 min
15 h 32 min
(Array.4.)
932,508
795 min
13 h 15 min
(1.4.)
795,645
May 997 min
16 h 37 min
997,443
1048 min
17 h 28 min
(Array.5.)
1048,392
937 min
15 h 37 min
(1.5.)
937,503
Jun 1069 min
17 h 49 min
1069,371
1075 min
17 h 55 min
(Array.6.)
1075,365
1051 min
17 h 31 min
(1.6.)
1051,389
Jul 1027 min
17 h 7 min
1027,413
1066 min
17 h 46 min
(Array.7.)
1066,374
975 min
16 h 15 min
(31.7.)
975,465
Aug 904 min
15 h 4 min
904,536
970 min
16 h 10 min
(Array.8.)
970,470
834 min
13 h 54 min
(31.8.)
834,606
Sep 760 min
12 h 40 min
760,680
829 min
13 h 49 min
(Array.9.)
829,611
690 min
11 h 30 min
(30.9.)
690,750
Oct 613 min
10 h 13 min
613,827
685 min
11 h 25 min
(Array.10.)
685,755
543 min
9 h 3 min
(31.10.)
543,897
Nov 479 min
7 h 59 min
479,961
538 min
8 h 58 min
(Array.11.)
538,902
427 min
7 h 7 min
(30.11.)
427,1013
Dec 405 min
6 h 45 min
405,1035
425 min
7 h 5 min
(Array.12.)
425,1015
398 min
6 h 38 min
(20.12.)
398,1042
Year 738 min
12 h 18 min
738,702
1075 min
17 h 55 min
(21. 6.)
1075,365
398 min
6 h 38 min
(21. 12.)
398,1042



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 1048 643 859 1075 834 999 829 427 617 638 398 473

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