Edinburgh
Scotland, UK
55.92 ° N
3.18 ° W
115 ft
Cool temperate moist forest
Cfb Oceanic climate
+
DOlk Temperate oceanic climate with mild summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfb (Oceanic climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • b - temperature of each of the four warmest months is higher than 10°C, but the temperature of the warmest month is less than 22 °C

The Cfb climate type is an oceanic type of climate with mild winter and evenly distributed precipitation. Average temperature of all months is less than 22 °C, which is what differentiates it from the Cfa type. Meanwhile at least four months have average temperature of 10 °C or more.

Just like precipitation, also temperatures tend to be relatively constant and differences between day and night are not very big. Precipitation throughout the year are frequent, but not very intense and sometimes even many wetdays in a row can occur. In the winter and in the autumn are common fogs and during the year also thunderstorms.

Winters are mild (temperatures only very rarely drops below 0 °C and if, then only very slightly) and summers nicely warm. Frontal activity causes lot of cloudiness and relatively high humidity in the autumn, winter and spring.

The total annual rainfall ranges usually between 500 and 2500 mm and in the winter it sometimes also snows.

Temperate oceanic climate Cfb can be found for example in the United Kingdom, Western part of France, Germany, on the West coast of Europe, Northern part of Spain, some parts of South America (Southern and Northern tips), in Southeast Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: DOlk (Temperate oceanic climate with mild summer with cool winter)

In the Trewartha classification, the category D is like in the Koppen classification, assigned to regions in the temperate zone. The criterion for this type of climate is four to seven months with average temperature of more than 10 °C. In general it is further subdivided into two subtypes: oceanic and continental. These differ in their average temperature of the coldest month.

Temperate climate is characterized by four distinct seasons and there are substantial differences between the temperatures in the summer and in the winter, but the absolute values are not so extreme and the change is gradual.

In case of the oceanic type, winter is milder than that of the continental type and the temperature of the coldest month usually above 0 °C. The weather conditions are to a large extent influenced by the nearby ocean, which causes smaller temperature variation between the individual seasons. Typical is Western wind and so we often find this type of climate on Western coasts of continents, such as for example in Western Europe or Western coast of the U.S., in latitudes between 40 and 60 ° in America and 40 and 65 ° in Europe. These regions tend to be densely inhabited.

  • mild summer: warmest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

47 °F
41 / 54

26.3 in
191 days

80 %

3 h 47 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 33.032.035.038.042.048.051.050.047.043.036.034.0 41.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 38.038.041.045.050.055.058.058.054.049.042.039.0 47.0
Max Temperature (°F) 43.044.048.052.058.063.066.065.061.056.048.044.0 54.0
Range 10.012.013.014.016.015.015.015.014.013.012.010.0 13.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Feb 19.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb 20.0°F
Max Temperature Jul Jan 23.0°F
Temperature range May Jan, Dec 34.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 42.0 35.0 38.33 7.0 51.0 48.0 49.67 3.0 47.0 36.0 42.00 11.0 34.0 32.0 33.00 2.0
Avg Temperature 50.0 41.0 45.33 9.0 58.0 55.0 57.00 3.0 54.0 42.0 48.33 12.0 39.0 38.0 38.33 1.0
Max Temperature 58.0 48.0 52.67 10.0 66.0 63.0 64.67 3.0 61.0 48.0 55.00 13.0 44.0 43.0 43.67 1.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 38.038.041.045.050.055.058.058.054.049.042.039.0 47.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Feb 20.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 50.0 41.0 45.33 9.0 58.0 55.0 57.00 3.0 54.0 42.0 48.33 12.0 39.0 38.0 38.33 1.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 84.083.081.075.076.075.078.080.080.082.083.084.0 47.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Jan, Dec Apr, Jun 9.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 81.0 75.0 77.33 6.0 80.0 75.0 77.67 5.0 83.0 80.0 81.67 3.0 84.0 83.0 83.67 1.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.21.72.01.62.02.02.22.62.62.62.52.3 2.2 26.3
Wetdays 171515141415171616171718 16 191
Wetdays ratio (%) 54.8
17,14
53.6
15,13
48.4
15,16
46.7
14,16
45.2
14,17
50.0
15,15
54.8
17,14
51.6
16,15
53.3
16,14
54.8
17,14
56.7
17,13
58.1
18,13
52.3
52.3288,47.6712


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Sep Apr Autumn Spring 1.0in
Wetdays Dec Apr, May Autumn Spring 4
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.0 1.6 0.4 5.6 2.6 2.0 0.6 6.8 2.6 2.5 0.2 7.7 2.3 1.7 0.6 6.2
Wetdays 15 14 1 43 17 15 2 48 49 16 33 107 18 15 3 50

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.21.72.01.62.02.02.22.62.62.62.52.3 2.2 26.3


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Sep Apr Autumn Spring 1.0in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.0 1.6 0.4 5.6 2.6 2.0 0.6 6.8 2.6 2.5 0.2 7.7 2.3 1.7 0.6 6.2


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 104 min
1 h 44 min
463 min
7 h 43 min
463,977
514 min
8 h 34 min
(31.1.)
514,926
425 min
7 h 5 min
(1.1.)
425,1015
22.4 %
104,359
Feb 161 min
2 h 41 min
579 min
9 h 39 min
579,861
643 min
10 h 43 min
(29.2.)
643,797
518 min
8 h 38 min
(1.2.)
518,922
27.8 %
161,418
Mar 214 min
3 h 34 min
717 min
11 h 57 min
717,723
787 min
13 h 7 min
(31.3.)
787,653
647 min
10 h 47 min
(1.3.)
647,793
29.8 %
214,503
Apr 292 min
4 h 52 min
858 min
14 h 18 min
858,582
922 min
15 h 22 min
(30.4.)
922,518
791 min
13 h 11 min
(1.4.)
791,649
34.1 %
292,566
May 350 min
5 h 50 min
982 min
16 h 22 min
982,458
1030 min
17 h 10 min
(31.5.)
1030,410
926 min
15 h 26 min
(1.5.)
926,514
35.6 %
350,632
Jun 376 min
6 h 16 min
1048 min
17 h 28 min
1048,392
1054 min
17 h 34 min
(20.6.)
1054,386
1032 min
17 h 12 min
(1.6.)
1032,408
35.9 %
376,672
Jul 313 min
5 h 13 min
1010 min
16 h 50 min
1010,430
1046 min
17 h 26 min
(1.7.)
1046,394
961 min
16 h 1 min
(31.7.)
961,479
31.0 %
313,697
Aug 276 min
4 h 36 min
895 min
14 h 55 min
895,545
958 min
15 h 58 min
(1.8.)
958,482
829 min
13 h 49 min
(31.8.)
829,611
30.9 %
276,619
Sep 252 min
4 h 12 min
758 min
12 h 38 min
758,682
824 min
13 h 44 min
(1.9.)
824,616
691 min
11 h 31 min
(30.9.)
691,749
33.2 %
252,506
Oct 185 min
3 h 5 min
619 min
10 h 19 min
619,821
687 min
11 h 27 min
(1.10.)
687,753
552 min
9 h 12 min
(31.10.)
552,888
29.9 %
185,434
Nov 114 min
1 h 54 min
491 min
8 h 11 min
491,949
547 min
9 h 7 min
(1.11.)
547,893
444 min
7 h 24 min
(30.11.)
444,996
23.2 %
114,377
Dec 85 min
1 h 25 min
423 min
7 h 3 min
423,1017
441 min
7 h 21 min
(1.12.)
441,999
417 min
6 h 57 min
(20.12.)
417,1023
20.1 %
85,338
Year 246 min
4 h 6 min
737 min
12 h 17 min
737,703
1054 min
17 h 34 min
(20. 6.)
1054,386
417 min
6 h 57 min
(20. 12.)
417,1023
33.3 %
246,492



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 350 214 285 33.5%
285,567
376 276 322 32.7%
322,662
252 114 184 29.5%
184,439
161 85 117 24.0%
117,370
Day length 1030 647 852 1054 829 984 824 444 623 643 417 487

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 463 min
7 h 43 min
463,977
514 min
8 h 34 min
(Array.1.)
514,926
425 min
7 h 5 min
(1.1.)
425,1015
Feb 579 min
9 h 39 min
579,861
643 min
10 h 43 min
(Array.2.)
643,797
518 min
8 h 38 min
(1.2.)
518,922
Mar 717 min
11 h 57 min
717,723
787 min
13 h 7 min
(Array.3.)
787,653
647 min
10 h 47 min
(1.3.)
647,793
Apr 858 min
14 h 18 min
858,582
922 min
15 h 22 min
(Array.4.)
922,518
791 min
13 h 11 min
(1.4.)
791,649
May 982 min
16 h 22 min
982,458
1030 min
17 h 10 min
(Array.5.)
1030,410
926 min
15 h 26 min
(1.5.)
926,514
Jun 1048 min
17 h 28 min
1048,392
1054 min
17 h 34 min
(Array.6.)
1054,386
1032 min
17 h 12 min
(1.6.)
1032,408
Jul 1010 min
16 h 50 min
1010,430
1046 min
17 h 26 min
(Array.7.)
1046,394
961 min
16 h 1 min
(31.7.)
961,479
Aug 895 min
14 h 55 min
895,545
958 min
15 h 58 min
(Array.8.)
958,482
829 min
13 h 49 min
(31.8.)
829,611
Sep 758 min
12 h 38 min
758,682
824 min
13 h 44 min
(Array.9.)
824,616
691 min
11 h 31 min
(30.9.)
691,749
Oct 619 min
10 h 19 min
619,821
687 min
11 h 27 min
(Array.10.)
687,753
552 min
9 h 12 min
(31.10.)
552,888
Nov 491 min
8 h 11 min
491,949
547 min
9 h 7 min
(Array.11.)
547,893
444 min
7 h 24 min
(30.11.)
444,996
Dec 423 min
7 h 3 min
423,1017
441 min
7 h 21 min
(Array.12.)
441,999
417 min
6 h 57 min
(20.12.)
417,1023
Year 737 min
12 h 17 min
737,703
1054 min
17 h 34 min
(21. 6.)
1054,386
417 min
6 h 57 min
(21. 12.)
417,1023



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 1030 647 852 1054 829 984 824 444 623 643 417 487

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