Zaragoza
Aragon, Spain
41.67 ° N
1.00 ° W
846 ft
Cool temperate steppe
BSk Cold semi-arid climate
+
Cfak Subtropical climate with evenly distributed precipitation with hot summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: BSk (Cold semi-arid climate)

Official definition:
  • B – 70 % or more of the total annual rainfall is during the summer half of the year and r (r = average total annual precipitation in mm) is less than 20t + 280 (t = average annual temperature in °C), or 70 % or more of total annual precipitation is during the winter half of the year and r is less than 20t, or no half of the year has less than 70 % of total annual rainfall and r less than 20t + 140. Summer half of the year in the Northern hemisphere is from April to September, on the Southern hemisphere from October to March.
  • S – r is less than the upper limit of B type classification parameter
  • k - t is less than 18 °C

Cold semi-arid climate is most commonly found in the temperate zone inland, relatively far from the ocean. Although the summers are warm, they are substantially colder than in the case of the hot semi-arid climate type (BSh). The difference can be seen particularly during the winter, when temperatures can drop quite low. The daily temperature amplitude is quite high and the differences between day and night can be more than 20 °C.

Regions with this type of climate, which are at higher altitudes tend to have drier winters and wetter summers, while for areas at lower elevation, it is the opposite – drier summers and wetter winters.

Most often one can see this climate type in Asia and North America, but it also includes for example some regions in Spain, parts of South America, Southern Australia and New Zealand.


Modern Trewartha classification: Cfak (Subtropical climate with evenly distributed precipitation with hot summer with cool winter)

Subtropical in the Koppen and Trewartha classification is defined as a region, where at least eight months has an average temperature of more than 10 °C, but the coldest month has an average temperature of less than 18 °C. The individual subtypes then differ in their annual precipitation distribution. In Trewartha classification there is a condition of maximum annual precipitation of 900 mm.

In general the subtropical climate is usually found in areas polewards from the tropical zones. It can also be found inside tropical zones at places with higher altitude. Typical are for example citrus trees or palm trees.

The Cf subtype is characterized by precipitation evenly distributed throughout the year.

It can be found for example in Eastern part of South America, in large areas in Southeast U.S., Northern Italy, the Southwest tip of Russia, in Southeast Asia, some parts of Japan or East coast of Australia.

  • hot summer: warmest month with average temperature between 23 and 28 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

58 °F
49 / 68

12.4 in
71 days

51 %

7 h 43 min/day


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) 36.037.043.046.052.059.064.063.059.052.043.037.0 49.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 43.046.050.055.062.070.076.075.069.060.050.044.0 58.0
Max Temperature (°F) 50.055.063.066.073.081.088.086.081.068.057.050.0 68.0
Range 14.018.020.020.021.022.024.023.022.016.014.013.0 19.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Jul Jan 28.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 33.0°F
Max Temperature Jul Jan, Dec 38.0°F
Temperature range Jul Dec 52.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 52.0 43.0 47.00 9.0 64.0 59.0 62.00 5.0 59.0 43.0 51.33 16.0 37.0 36.0 36.67 1.0
Avg Temperature 62.0 50.0 55.67 12.0 76.0 70.0 73.67 6.0 69.0 50.0 59.67 19.0 46.0 43.0 44.33 3.0
Max Temperature 73.0 63.0 67.33 10.0 88.0 81.0 85.00 7.0 81.0 57.0 68.67 24.0 55.0 50.0 51.67 5.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 43.046.050.055.062.070.076.075.069.060.050.044.0 58.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul Jan 33.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 62.0 50.0 55.67 12.0 76.0 70.0 73.67 6.0 69.0 50.0 59.67 19.0 46.0 43.0 44.33 3.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) 65.056.048.045.044.042.040.042.050.054.062.066.0 58.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity Dec Jul 26.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity 48.0 44.0 45.67 4.0 42.0 40.0 41.33 2.0 62.0 50.0 55.33 12.0 66.0 56.0 62.33 10.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 0.90.80.91.31.51.20.60.71.01.21.40.8 1.0 12.4
Wetdays 657887336657 6 71
Wetdays ratio (%) 19.4
6,25
17.9
5,23
22.6
7,24
26.7
8,22
25.8
8,23
23.3
7,23
9.7
3,28
9.7
3,28
20.0
6,24
19.4
6,25
16.7
5,25
22.6
7,24
19.5
19.4521,80.5479


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation May Jul Spring Summer 0.9in
Wetdays Apr, May Jul, Aug Autumn Summer 5
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.5 0.9 0.6 3.7 1.2 0.6 0.6 2.5 1.4 1.0 0.4 3.6 0.9 0.8 0.1 2.6
Wetdays 8 7 1 23 7 3 4 13 60 6 54 116 7 5 2 18

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 0.90.80.91.31.51.20.60.71.01.21.40.8 1.0 12.4


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation May Jul Spring Summer 0.9in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 1.5 0.9 0.6 3.7 1.2 0.6 0.6 2.5 1.4 1.0 0.4 3.6 0.9 0.8 0.1 2.6


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan 288 min
4 h 48 min
573 min
9 h 33 min
573,867
601 min
10 h 1 min
(31.1.)
601,839
552 min
9 h 12 min
(1.1.)
552,888
50.3 %
288,285
Feb 386 min
6 h 26 min
638 min
10 h 38 min
638,802
675 min
11 h 15 min
(29.2.)
675,765
603 min
10 h 3 min
(1.2.)
603,837
60.5 %
386,252
Mar 416 min
6 h 56 min
720 min
11 h 60 min
720,720
762 min
12 h 42 min
(31.3.)
762,678
678 min
11 h 18 min
(1.3.)
678,762
57.8 %
416,304
Apr 490 min
8 h 10 min
803 min
13 h 23 min
803,637
841 min
14 h 1 min
(30.4.)
841,599
765 min
12 h 45 min
(1.4.)
765,675
61.0 %
490,313
May 559 min
9 h 19 min
874 min
14 h 34 min
874,566
899 min
14 h 59 min
(31.5.)
899,541
843 min
14 h 3 min
(1.5.)
843,597
64.0 %
559,315
Jun 610 min
10 h 10 min
908 min
15 h 8 min
908,532
911 min
15 h 11 min
(20.6.)
911,529
900 min
15 h 0 min
(1.6.)
900,540
67.2 %
610,298
Jul 698 min
11 h 38 min
888 min
14 h 48 min
888,552
907 min
15 h 7 min
(1.7.)
907,533
863 min
14 h 23 min
(31.7.)
863,577
78.6 %
698,190
Aug 638 min
10 h 38 min
825 min
13 h 45 min
825,615
861 min
14 h 21 min
(1.8.)
861,579
787 min
13 h 7 min
(31.8.)
787,653
77.3 %
638,187
Sep 514 min
8 h 34 min
744 min
12 h 24 min
744,696
784 min
13 h 4 min
(1.9.)
784,656
704 min
11 h 44 min
(30.9.)
704,736
69.0 %
514,230
Oct 404 min
6 h 44 min
661 min
11 h 1 min
661,779
702 min
11 h 42 min
(1.10.)
702,738
622 min
10 h 22 min
(31.10.)
622,818
61.1 %
404,257
Nov 316 min
5 h 16 min
588 min
9 h 48 min
588,852
619 min
10 h 19 min
(1.11.)
619,821
562 min
9 h 22 min
(30.11.)
562,878
53.7 %
316,272
Dec 240 min
4 h 0 min
552 min
9 h 12 min
552,888
561 min
9 h 21 min
(1.12.)
561,879
548 min
9 h 8 min
(20.12.)
548,892
43.5 %
240,312
Year 502 min
8 h 22 min
731 min
12 h 11 min
731,709
911 min
15 h 11 min
(20. 6.)
911,529
548 min
9 h 8 min
(20. 12.)
548,892
68.6 %
502,230



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) 559 416 488 61.1%
488,311
698 610 649 74.3%
649,225
514 316 411 61.9%
411,253
386 240 305 52.0%
305,282
Day length 899 678 799 911 787 874 784 562 665 675 548 586

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 573 min
9 h 33 min
573,867
601 min
10 h 1 min
(Array.1.)
601,839
552 min
9 h 12 min
(1.1.)
552,888
Feb 638 min
10 h 38 min
638,802
675 min
11 h 15 min
(Array.2.)
675,765
603 min
10 h 3 min
(1.2.)
603,837
Mar 720 min
11 h 60 min
720,720
762 min
12 h 42 min
(Array.3.)
762,678
678 min
11 h 18 min
(1.3.)
678,762
Apr 803 min
13 h 23 min
803,637
841 min
14 h 1 min
(Array.4.)
841,599
765 min
12 h 45 min
(1.4.)
765,675
May 874 min
14 h 34 min
874,566
899 min
14 h 59 min
(Array.5.)
899,541
843 min
14 h 3 min
(1.5.)
843,597
Jun 908 min
15 h 8 min
908,532
911 min
15 h 11 min
(Array.6.)
911,529
900 min
15 h 0 min
(1.6.)
900,540
Jul 888 min
14 h 48 min
888,552
907 min
15 h 7 min
(Array.7.)
907,533
863 min
14 h 23 min
(31.7.)
863,577
Aug 825 min
13 h 45 min
825,615
861 min
14 h 21 min
(Array.8.)
861,579
787 min
13 h 7 min
(31.8.)
787,653
Sep 744 min
12 h 24 min
744,696
784 min
13 h 4 min
(Array.9.)
784,656
704 min
11 h 44 min
(30.9.)
704,736
Oct 661 min
11 h 1 min
661,779
702 min
11 h 42 min
(Array.10.)
702,738
622 min
10 h 22 min
(31.10.)
622,818
Nov 588 min
9 h 48 min
588,852
619 min
10 h 19 min
(Array.11.)
619,821
562 min
9 h 22 min
(30.11.)
562,878
Dec 552 min
9 h 12 min
552,888
561 min
9 h 21 min
(Array.12.)
561,879
548 min
9 h 8 min
(20.12.)
548,892
Year 731 min
12 h 11 min
731,709
911 min
15 h 11 min
(21. 6.)
911,529
548 min
9 h 8 min
(21. 12.)
548,892



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 899 678 799 911 787 874 784 562 665 675 548 586

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