Cordoba
Spain
37.85 ° N
4.85 ° W
302 ft
Subtropical dry forest
Csa Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
+
Csak Subtropical climate with dry summer with hot summer with cool winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Csa (Hot-summer Mediterranean climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • s – precipitation in the driest month during the summer half year is less than 30 mm and less than one third of the precipitation in the month with highest precipitation in the winter half year.
  • a - temperature of the warmest month is higher than 22 °C

Cs climate type is characterized by a dry summer and wet winter. In the case of the Csa subtype, the summer tends to be very warm. The average temperature of the warmest month is above 22 °C. The wettest month in the winter usually has three times as much precipitation than the driest month in the summer, which usually has less than 30 mm of rainfall. Summers are therefore quite dry, with relatively little cloudiness and often longer periods with no rain at all. Winters on the other hand are wet and very rarely it snows as well.

Temperatures in the summer reach very high values between 30 and 40 °C. In the winter it is very unusual for the temperatures to fall below freezing point.

The continental Mediterranean climate (Csa) is sometimes also referred to as hot Mediterranean climate. The higher temperatures are the result of the fact that the places are usually deeper inland. The Csa subtype is more common than the other Cs climates and usually represents what most people imagine under the term “Mediterranean climate”.

It can be found for example around the Mediterranean sea in Europe, in Southwest Australia, Southwestern part of South Africa, some parts in Central Asia and in Northern California. Other places also include some microregions such as the Spanish capital Madrid, Italian Rome, American Los Angeles or Perth in Australia.


Modern Trewartha classification: Csak (Subtropical climate with dry summer with hot summer with cool winter)

Subtropical in the Koppen and Trewartha classification is defined as a region, where at least eight months has an average temperature of more than 10 °C, but the coldest month has an average temperature of less than 18 °C. The individual subtypes then differ in their annual precipitation distribution. In Trewartha classification there is a condition of maximum annual precipitation of 900 mm.

In general the subtropical climate is usually found in areas polewards from the tropical zones. It can also be found inside tropical zones at places with higher altitude. Typical are for example citrus trees or palm trees.

The Cs subtype in the Trewartha classification represents a subtropical climate with dry summer, sometimes referred to as the Mediterranean climate. It is characterized by hot and dry summers and mild winters, during which most of the precipitation is observed. High pressure is the dominating factor in the summer, when precipitation is very small and if there is some, it is usually in the form of very short, but intense thunderstorms. In the winter it can sometimes snow, especially at higher altitudes, but in general the winters are mild.

This climate type is most common in western coasts of continents in the middle latitudes, for example it includes areas on the West coast of the U.S. such as California, Southern Europe or Southwest tip of Australia.

  • hot summer: warmest month with average temperature between 23 and 28 °C
  • cool winter: coldest month with average temperature between 0 and 10 °C

Summary

64 °F
-17966 / -17966

23.9 in


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F) -17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0 -17966.0
Avg Temperature(°F) 49.052.056.059.067.074.080.080.075.065.055.049.0 64.0
Max Temperature (°F) -17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0-17966.0 -17966.0
Range 0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0 0.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0.0°F
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Dec 31.0°F
Max Temperature 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0.0°F
Temperature range 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0.0°F
Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°F)
Avg Temperature(°F)
Max Temperature(°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature -17966.0 -17966.0 -17966.00 0.0 -17,966.0 -17,966.0 -17,966.00 0.0 -17,966.0 -17,966.0 -17,966.00 0.0 -17,966.0 -17,966.0 -17,966.00 0.0
Avg Temperature 67.0 56.0 60.67 11.0 80.0 74.0 78.00 6.0 75.0 55.0 65.00 20.0 52.0 49.0 50.00 3.0
Max Temperature -17966.0 -17966.0 -17966.00 0.0 -17966.0 -17966.0 -17966.00 0.0 -17966.0 -17966.0 -17966.00 0.0 -17966.0 -17966.0 -17966.00 0.0

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F) 49.052.056.059.067.074.080.080.075.065.055.049.0 64.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jul, Aug Jan, Dec 31.0°F
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°F)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 67.0 56.0 60.67 11.0 80.0 74.0 78.00 6.0 75.0 55.0 65.00 20.0 52.0 49.0 50.00 3.0


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) -9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0 64.0


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity -9999.0 -9999.0 -9999.00 0.0 -9999.0 -9999.0 -9999.00 0.0 -9999.0 -9999.0 -9999.00 0.0 -9999.0 -9999.0 -9999.00 0.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.23.12.22.51.20.80.20.11.02.73.53.3 2.0 23.9
Wetdays -9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999 -9999 -119988
Wetdays ratio (%) -32254.8
-9999,10030
-35710.7
-9999,10027
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-32873.4
-32873.4,32973.4


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Nov Aug Winter Summer 3.3in
Wetdays 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec Autumn Spring, Summer, Winter 0
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)
Wetdays / month


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.5 1.2 1.3 5.9 0.8 0.1 0.7 1.1 3.5 1.0 2.4 7.2 3.3 3.1 0.2 9.7
Wetdays -9999 -9999 0 -29997 -9999 -9999 0 -29997 65 -9999 10064 -9879 -9999 -9999 0 -29997

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in) 3.23.12.22.51.20.80.20.11.02.73.53.3 2.0 23.9


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Nov Aug Winter Summer 3.3in
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (in)


Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (in) 2.5 1.2 1.3 5.9 0.8 0.1 0.7 1.1 3.5 1.0 2.4 7.2 3.3 3.1 0.2 9.7


Sunlight / Day length
+

Max day length Min day length Sunlight/Day length
Jan -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
593 min
9 h 53 min
593,847
617 min
10 h 17 min
(31.1.)
617,823
575 min
9 h 35 min
(1.1.)
575,865
-1686.8 %
-9999,10592
Feb -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
649 min
10 h 49 min
649,791
681 min
11 h 21 min
(29.2.)
681,759
619 min
10 h 19 min
(1.2.)
619,821
-1540.4 %
-9999,10648
Mar -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
720 min
12 h 0 min
720,720
757 min
12 h 37 min
(31.3.)
757,683
684 min
11 h 24 min
(1.3.)
684,756
-1387.9 %
-9999,10719
Apr -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
793 min
13 h 13 min
793,647
826 min
13 h 46 min
(30.4.)
826,614
760 min
12 h 40 min
(1.4.)
760,680
-1260.2 %
-9999,10792
May -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
854 min
14 h 14 min
854,586
876 min
14 h 36 min
(31.5.)
876,564
828 min
13 h 48 min
(1.5.)
828,612
-1170.3 %
-9999,10853
Jun -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
884 min
14 h 44 min
884,556
886 min
14 h 46 min
(20.6.)
886,554
877 min
14 h 37 min
(1.6.)
877,563
-1131.2 %
-9999,10883
Jul -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
867 min
14 h 27 min
867,573
883 min
14 h 43 min
(1.7.)
883,557
845 min
14 h 5 min
(31.7.)
845,595
-1153.5 %
-9999,10866
Aug -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
812 min
13 h 32 min
812,628
843 min
14 h 3 min
(1.8.)
843,597
779 min
12 h 59 min
(31.8.)
779,661
-1231.3 %
-9999,10811
Sep -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
742 min
12 h 22 min
742,698
777 min
12 h 57 min
(1.9.)
777,663
707 min
11 h 47 min
(30.9.)
707,733
-1347.7 %
-9999,10741
Oct -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
669 min
11 h 9 min
669,771
705 min
11 h 45 min
(1.10.)
705,735
635 min
10 h 35 min
(31.10.)
635,805
-1494.2 %
-9999,10668
Nov -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
606 min
10 h 6 min
606,834
633 min
10 h 33 min
(1.11.)
633,807
583 min
9 h 43 min
(30.11.)
583,857
-1650.3 %
-9999,10605
Dec -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
574 min
9 h 34 min
574,866
582 min
9 h 42 min
(1.12.)
582,858
572 min
9 h 32 min
(20.12.)
572,868
-1740.7 %
-9999,10573
Year -10832 min
-181 h 28 min
731 min
12 h 11 min
731,709
886 min
14 h 46 min
(20. 6.)
886,554
572 min
9 h 32 min
(20. 12.)
572,868
-1482.8 %
-10832,11563



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day Max Min Average Sunlight/day
(min/day) -9999 -9999 -9999 -1266.7%
-9999,10788
-9999 -9999 -9999 -1170.9%
-9999,10853
-9999 -9999 -9,999 -1487.3%
-9999,10671
-9999 -9999 -9999 -1654.2%
-9999,10603
Day length 876 684 789 886 779 854 777 583 672 681 572 604

Day length
+

Max day length Min day length
Jan 593 min
9 h 53 min
593,847
617 min
10 h 17 min
(Array.1.)
617,823
575 min
9 h 35 min
(1.1.)
575,865
Feb 649 min
10 h 49 min
649,791
681 min
11 h 21 min
(Array.2.)
681,759
619 min
10 h 19 min
(1.2.)
619,821
Mar 720 min
12 h 0 min
720,720
757 min
12 h 37 min
(Array.3.)
757,683
684 min
11 h 24 min
(1.3.)
684,756
Apr 793 min
13 h 13 min
793,647
826 min
13 h 46 min
(Array.4.)
826,614
760 min
12 h 40 min
(1.4.)
760,680
May 854 min
14 h 14 min
854,586
876 min
14 h 36 min
(Array.5.)
876,564
828 min
13 h 48 min
(1.5.)
828,612
Jun 884 min
14 h 44 min
884,556
886 min
14 h 46 min
(Array.6.)
886,554
877 min
14 h 37 min
(1.6.)
877,563
Jul 867 min
14 h 27 min
867,573
883 min
14 h 43 min
(Array.7.)
883,557
845 min
14 h 5 min
(31.7.)
845,595
Aug 812 min
13 h 32 min
812,628
843 min
14 h 3 min
(Array.8.)
843,597
779 min
12 h 59 min
(31.8.)
779,661
Sep 742 min
12 h 22 min
742,698
777 min
12 h 57 min
(Array.9.)
777,663
707 min
11 h 47 min
(30.9.)
707,733
Oct 669 min
11 h 9 min
669,771
705 min
11 h 45 min
(Array.10.)
705,735
635 min
10 h 35 min
(31.10.)
635,805
Nov 606 min
10 h 6 min
606,834
633 min
10 h 33 min
(Array.11.)
633,807
583 min
9 h 43 min
(30.11.)
583,857
Dec 574 min
9 h 34 min
574,866
582 min
9 h 42 min
(Array.12.)
582,858
572 min
9 h 32 min
(20.12.)
572,868
Year 731 min
12 h 11 min
731,709
886 min
14 h 46 min
(21. 6.)
886,554
572 min
9 h 32 min
(21. 12.)
572,868



Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug

Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 876 684 789 886 779 854 777 583 672 681 572 604

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